Islamic Glossary

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See Isa.

Egypt (‏مصر)

Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt.
In Arabic, the country is called 'Misr'.

Capital: Cairo (Al Qahirah)

Eid (عيد)

Eid means celebration. There are two official Eids in Islam and they are Eid al-fitr (Celebration of the feast of breaking fast at the end of Ramadhan) and Eid al-Adhha.

Eid Al Adhha (عيد الاضحى)

Eid Al-Adhha translates to 'The Celebration of the Sacrifice'. The word Eid means celebration or festival. The word Adhha comes from the word dhahiyyah (noun) which means slaughter or sacrifice (or victim).
Eid Al-Adhha is one of the two Eids (days of celebration in the Islamic calendar). The other Eid is Eid al-Fitr and happens at the end of the holy month of fasting, Ramadhan. Eid al-Adhha occurs on the tenth day of the last month of the Islamic calendar (Dhul-Hijjah).

Eid al-Adhha is celebrated to mark a significant historical event relating to Prophet Abraham (PBUH) when he was tested by his Lord who commanded him to slaughter his only son Ismaeel (Ishmael) (PBUH) and when he was just about to make the cut, God sent down a ram for him to slaughter instead. Abraham's faith had been tested and he had passed the test. This Eid is celebrated remembering this event and as part of the rites of pilgrimage (the Hajj), the people who do the pilgrimage must slaughter/pay-to-slaughter an animal likewise and distribute the meat amongst their family, other pilgrims, relatives, friends and the poor.

Eid Al Fitr (عيد الفطر)

Eid al-Fitr roughly translates to 'the celebration of the end of fasting'. Muslims fast during the Islamic month of Ramadhan and they conclude this month with a three day celebratory holiday, an Eid, known as Eid al-Fitr.

Eid Mubarak (عيد مبارك)

Means 'Happy Eid'. Eid is the Muslim celebration that happens when the month of fasting, Ramadhan, ends.

The translation above is innacurate but gives the general intention of the phraze. Literally translated it would be '(Have a) blessed Celebration'.


Manifestation (expressing in a visible form.

Emel (أمل)

Emel means hope.

Eshel (اسهل)

The word eshel (pronounced es,hel not esh,el) is derived from the word sehil, which means easy. Eshel means 'easier'.

Etihad (اتحاد)

Union or the uniting of two or more things together, usually used in referring to the uniting of organisations.

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