Islamic Glossary


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A

Acknowledgement of one's deeds

Affirmation [affirmation of one's sins (deeds)]

Acquired Consensus

Acquired unanimity (who have  been with the infallibles and used their deeds as reference for their deeds.)

Adab (أدب)

Islamic Manners. These are derived from Sunnah, but are usually taught by the parents. If someone's manners are bad, it is probably the fault of the parents.

Adam (آدم)

The name of the first man on Earth and the first Prophet. It is also a commonly used Muslim name.

Adhab (عذاب)

`adhab means punishment or torture.

Adhan (أذان)

The call to prayer, recited before prayers commence. It is done to make people aware that the salat (prayers) are about to begin. There are variations in the call to prayer in each of the sects and madhhabs.
Translation:
God is most great. God is most great.
God is most great. God is most great.
I testify that there Is no god except God.
I testify that there is no god except God.
I testify that Muhammad is the messenger of God.
I testify that Muhammad Is the messenger of God.
Come to prayer! Come to prayer!
Come to success (In this life and the Hereafter)! Come to success!
God is most great. God is most great.
There is no god except God.

Adhraa (عذراء)

Virgin. The mother of Christ (AS),(PBUH), is called Maryam al-`adhra` - The Virgin Mary.

Adil (عادل)

Adil is a popular boy's name. The word means 'fair' or 'just'.

Adiyah (أدعيه)

Many supplication and Invocations to Allah - asking favours to Him.

Adl (عدل)

Fairness and Justness. A person who has these characteristics is known as an 'adil' person. Adil is a popular boy's name.

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