Islamic Glossary

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Jacob (يعقوب)

Jacob is the name of a Prophet known as Yaqoob in Arabic. Jacob is also known as Prophet Israeel.

Jahad (جهاد)

See Jihad.

Jahanam (جهنم)


Jahil (جاهل)

(1) Refering to a person who is extremely ignorant and disbelieves in God. Often used to describe the people of the era that preceeded the revelation of the Qur'an, and the ignorant in general.
(2) A small child.

Jahiliyah (جاهليه)

Extreme ignorance (jahl) and disbelief in God. Often used to describe the era that preceeded the revelation of the Qur'an, and ignorance in general.

Jamal (جمال)

The word Jamal means Beauty. It is also a name that is suitable for both boys and girls.

Jamel (جمل)


Jannah (جنه)

Usually means heaven/paradise, but can also refer to a wonderful garden. Jannah is also a popular girl's name.

Jazakallah (جزاك الله)

'May Allah grant you (goodness)'. Jazakallah Khair is the actual phrase in its entirity.

Jazakallah Khair (جزاك الله خير)

This is a popular phrase that people use to thank others. It literally means 'May Allah grant you goodness'.The actual word for thanks is shukran.

Jeeran (جيران)


Jehenum (جهنم)

See Jahanam.

Jesus (عيسى)

Jesus (PBUH) is the Anglicized name of a famous figure in religion. The Arabic form of this name used in the Quran is pronounced 'eesa' but often written as 'Isa'.

Jew (يهودي)

The Arabic word for Jew and Jewish is Yahudi.


Tribute (A Tax imposed on non-Muslims who are under Muslim rule, poll-tax anciently paid in lieu of conversion to Islam.)


Jibraeel is the Arabic name for Gabrial, the angel of God.

Jihad (جهاد)

(1) Personal Struggle (in the way of Allah (God) to keep evil away from yourself)
(2) Holy War (Fighting a fair, defensive war - to stop oppression)

There are two types of Jihad:
(1) The greater (akbar) Jihad - This is preserving ones-self from sin and disbelief.
(2) The lesser (asghar) Jihad - This is going to war to defend Islam, people, property or occupation of a Muslim or Islamic country.

Jilbaab (جلباب)

A woman's loose-fitting garment covering the entire body so it doesn't show the figure. It covers the body and requires a hijab in addition to cover the whole body (except the face and hands) to Islamic standard.

Jinn (جن)

A creature created by Allah (God) that was made from fire. They live in another dimension and don't usually enter our dimension.

Jizyah (جزيه)

The Jizyah is a tax payed by non-Muslims living in Islamic lands (a Thimmi) to the state. Through this tax they are exempt from the duties of Islam like military service and zakat and are protected by the state as well.

Job (أيوب)

(1) The word job, as in 'My job is ...', is 'shughul' in Arabic.
(2) Prophet Job is known as Prophet Ayyoob (PBUH) in Arabic.

The Arabic shown above is the name of the Prophet.

Jonah (يونس)

Prophet Jonah (PBUH) is known as Yunus or Dhun-Nun in Arabic.
The Arabic word shown is for Yunus.

Jordan (‏الأردن)

Official Name: Hashemite kingdom of Jordan.
In Arabic this country is called 'Urdun'.

Capital: Amman.

Joseph (يوسف)

Joseph is the name of a Prophet, known as Yusuf in Arabic.


Prudent(ly) (judging wisely, showing good sens)

Jumaa (جمعه)

Jum'a means Friday. This is the Muslim holy day much like the Jews have Saturday, and the Christians Sunday, as their holy days. Muslims go to the Mosque (Masjid) to pray the Jum'a prayer (a special friday prayer) in congretion.

Jummah (جمعه)

See Jum'a.


Divine law, canonical law (the science of jurisprudence or interpreting the Shari'a)


Good or sufficient reasons ( persons, statements or acts etc. show something are right or Just.)

Juzuu (جزء)

The Quran is split into 30 parts with each part known as a juzu`. Juzu` just means 'part'.

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