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The word aal means kinsfolk or family. For example, Aali Mohammed(PBUH&HP) means the family of Mohammed.
A 'amil is a worker.
Aauzu (better spelt a`udhu) is used in popular Islamic phrases like a`udhu billah minashaitanir rajeem. The word is translated to mean 'I seek refuge', or 'I seek protection'.
Ab or Abb means Father.
The `Abayah is a long cloak that women wear. Depending on how it is worn and how long it is, it suffices as a suitable hijab and dress on its own if it covers the head (except the face) and the body (except the hands) properly.
Servant/Slave. eg. the name Abdullah means servant of Allah.
The name Abdullah means servant of Allah. It was the name of the Prophet Muhammed's (PBUH&HP) father.
Abel is one of the sons of Prophet Adam (PBUH). He is known as Habeel in Arabic. His brother was called Cain (Qabeel).
Abiha (pronounced Abeeha), means "Her Father". Fatima (PBUH), the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH&HP), was nicknamed Umm Abiha (Her father's Mother) by him because she used to care about and look after him so much.
Ablution is an English word that means 'washing or wiping parts of the body with water as part of a religious rite'. The Arabic word for this is Wudhu`. Wudhu` is a rite done to prepare for prayer or reading the Quran, or to remain in the state of purity.
Ablution(washing before the Pray):
ritual ablution (a spiritual wash of the face and hands before Salat ,Ablution is obligatory and performed before prayer, wudū)
filth, sin (is something that is not clean, najis)
Prophet Abraham, he is one of the closest Prophets to Allah.
Abraham was the "Close One to Allah" Who preferred him over many others and selected him to be a messenger. Though brought up in a pagan community that worshiped idols, Abraham refused to do so and realized that there must be a greater god of the universe. Allah guided him to the right path and revealed His message to him. He then directed his mission to his people, and called on them to renounce idolatry. He was answered with stubborn refusals. They plotted against him but their schemes were in vain, for Allah, the Almighty, provided support and protection to His servant and prophet, Abraham. Abraham was the forefather of a line of prophets through his two sons Ishmael and Isaac. It was Abraham who began the construction of the Ka`bah with the help of his son Ishmael.
abstinence (abstention from some foods)
(1) Abu means Father or 'Father of ...'. For example, 'Abu Ahmed' means Father of Ahmed. In Arab countries most people are called Abu X, (where X is the name of the first son or daughter,) by people who know them, instead of their official name.
Abu Huraira (RA) is one of the most well known Hadith transmitters and Sahabah. He has transmitted an incredible number of hadiths.
Abu Bakr (أبو بكر)
Abu Bakr is the name of one of the most famous Sahabah (companions of Prophet Muhammed) and he became the first Khalif (leader) after the death of the Prophet (SAW).
Abu Talib (أبو طالب)
Abu Talib (RA) is the most famous uncle of Prophet Muhammed (SAW), and is the father of Imam Ali (AS), the Prophet's cousin. Abu Talib adopted Muhammed in youth when his granddad (Abdul Mutalib) died, and he continued to protect him from his (the Prophet's) enemies. Abu Talib (RA) continued to protect the Prophet until he died. Sunnis and Shia debate on whether or not he died a Muslim.
Acknowledgement of one's deeds
Affirmation [affirmation of one's sins (deeds)]
Acquired unanimity (who have been with the infallibles and used their deeds as reference for their deeds.)
Islamic Manners. These are derived from Sunnah, but are usually taught by the parents. If someone's manners are bad, it is probably the fault of the parents.
The name of the first man on Earth and the first Prophet. It is also a commonly used Muslim name.
`adhab means punishment or torture.
The call to prayer, recited before prayers commence. It is done to make people aware that the salat (prayers) are about to begin. There are variations in the call to prayer in each of the sects and madhhabs.
Virgin. The mother of Christ (AS),(PBUH), is called Maryam al-`adhra` - The Virgin Mary.
Adil is a popular boy's name. The word means 'fair' or 'just'.
Many supplication and Invocations to Allah - asking favours to Him.
Fairness and Justness. A person who has these characteristics is known as an 'adil' person. Adil is a popular boy's name.
to warn, to advise (to give advice or counsel)
warning (advice, counsel)
prostration (the act of prostration in the Salat, when seven portions of the body touch the earth: the forehead on pure ground, two palms, two knees, and the two big toes. The two Sajdahs together are called sajdatain.)
Adyan is the plural of deen (religion).
Affectionate, Compassionate, Kind, Merciful
kind (to have kindness to othersو showing affection)
`Afwen means sorry. Another word for sorry is 'Al-`afoo'.
The Arabic shown is for `afwen.
A science that explaines the virtues of ethics.
The Arabic word for age is 'Umur'.
Contract of farm letting (leasing the land and receiving part of its products in return)
One. Often this word is used in reference to the oneness of Allah (God).
Laws or orders. There are six types in Islam:
Most clerics and teachers will only state the first 5 of the laws. The sixth one is essential because it asserts the fact that some things are ambiguous and doesn't neccessarily.
Ahlan Wa Sahlan (اهلاً و سهلاً)
This is a phrase used in welcoming guests. It is a very old Arab greeting.
Ahlulbayt (أهل البيت)
Ahlulbayt are the family of Prophet Muhammed (SAW). They hold a special place in the hearts of the Mu'mineen (devout believers). There is some disagreement upon who qualifies to be a member of his household - are the wives of the Prophet included or not? Nonetheless, the definite members of the household are:
(1) The Prophet Muhammed himself,
(2) Ali (Cousin of the Prophet, and husband to his daughter),
(3) Fatimah (Daughter of the Prophet, and wife of Ali),
(4) Hassan (Son of Ali and Fatimah),
(5) Hussain (Son of Ali and Fatimah).
May Allah's blessings be bestowed upon them.
Fool or idiot.
Many parties - political usually.
Eye or source.
Aisha is the name of one of Prophet Mohammed's (SAW) wives, and she is the daughter of one of the Prophet's companions - Abu Bakr.
The Prophet married her when she was young. Her age is not fully agreed upon but most people say she married at the age of 9.
This slang Arabic word means 'Yes'. It is commonly used in Egypt.
Ajmaeen means 'All of Them'.
When a good deed or action is done, a Muslim gets 'ajr' for doing it. Ajr (or ajur) is also known as thawab, and it is like a 'plus' point. 'Plus' points are compared to 'negative' (ithim) points when someone is judged by God after the person dies. If a person has more thawab than ithim then they will enter heaven.
Ajzaa is the plural of juzuu. It means 'parts' (usually of the Quran, which is split into 30).
See Introduction to the Quran for more details.
(1) Akbar can mean 'The greatest' and is often found in the phrase Allahu Akbar: God is the Greatest.
(2) Akbar can mean 'Greater than'; E.g. Sitah akbar min khamsa, Six is greater than five.
Brother. (Not necessarily by blood).
Means 'my brother'. The 'i' on the end changes the attributes of the word akh (brother) to be yours.
See Al Akhirah.
The word akhirah means end, or ending.
Akhu is a valid word.
Akhuk means 'Your brother'.
Akika (offering a sacrifice to win the favor of God)
"The", or "of the".
It is used before most words. In English it is normal to list things: sun, moon, dog and cat; but in Arabic it is written A-shams, Al-Qamar, Al-Kelb, Al-Qitah.
Al Akhirah (الآخره)
Al-Akhira refers to The Last day which is Judgment day. This day every person will be called to account for their actions during life before a judgment is passed to whether they enter heaven, hell or limbo.
Al Amin (الأمين)
Al Amin (or Al Ameen) was one of the nick-names given to the Prophet Muhammed (SAW). It means 'The trustworthy', and the Prophet was well known by the people for this trait, and he was implicitly trusted by all.
Al Fatiha (الفاتحه)
Al Fatiha - 'The Opening (Chapter)'. This is the name of first Surah (chapter) in the Quran.
Al Quds (القدس)
Al Quds is the Arabic name for the town of Jerusalem, Palestine. The word Quds is derived from a word meaning Holy.
This word means 'upon you', but it is usually found with a word preceding it, especially the word assalamu so it is 'assalamu alaikum' - peace be upon you.
Alan is an English name meaning 'Handsome one'.
Alastair is an English name meaning 'Defender of Men'.
Alayhi Salam (عليه السلام)
`Alayhi-salam means 'Upon Him/Her Be Peace'. It is a respectable phrase said after mentioning a Prophet, an Imam or other very high-status figures. It is often represented by the acronym (AS), or the English acronym of Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH).
Albert is an English name meaning 'Noble or Bright'.
Alex, short for Alexander, is an English name meaning 'Great Protector'.
Alexander is an English name meaning 'Great Protector'.
Alfred is an English name meaning 'Supernaturally Wise'.
Alhamdulillah (الحمد لله)
Praise be to Allah. This phrase is said in thanks to God.
(1) Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) is one of the most famous sahabah (companions) of Prophet Muhammed (SAW). Ali is actually the Prophet's cousin and he became the husband of the Prophet's daughter, Fatimah (AS). Ali and Fatimah had four children and the most famous were Hassan and Hussain. Ali was blessed with the title Ameer Al Mumineen (Commander of the Faithful) by the Prophet. Ali became the fourth Khalif after the death of the Prophet and Ali is often titled Imam Ali and is loved by all Muslims. Ali is a very popular boy's name.
(2) Ali may also mean high in grandeur but the spelling of this word is usually altered like this 'aliy' or in other ways as the word aliy may be used as a description of God - Al Aliy ul Adheem - The Most High and Most Mighty. In Arabic the word Ali and Aliy are spelt the same.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib (علي ابن ابو طالب)
A learned person in Islam. A scholar.
Allah is the Arabic word for 'God'.
The word Allah was in usage since the days of pre-Islamic Arabia. Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic faith. This means that Muslims believe that there is only one God, and that this God is the same God that Christians and Jews (referred to in Islam as the People of the Book) worship. Muslims believe that Abraham, Moses and Jesus, and mostly all the other Prophets of the Old and New Testament, were all prophets of God. Arab Christians use the word Allah to refer to God.
Allahu Akbar (الله اكبر)
Allahu Akbar means 'God is the Greatest', meaning that nothing can supersede God or be better than Him. It is a common phrase in Islam and it features in the adhan and prayer. Muslims tend to use it for lots of reasons and to express many emotions.
Allahu Alem (الله اعلم)
Allahu A'lem means "God knows".
Sovereign (support of a person/government)
Charity, alms-giving, alms, charity; alms tax.
Excessive generosity, giving in abundance (preferring others to oneself).
A supplication (dua) meaning, "O Allah, respond to (or answer) what we have said". It is usually said out aloud in prayers.
Leader or commander. It is a common name for males.
Amir Al Mumineen (امير المؤمنين)
Means 'Commander of the Belivers' or 'Commander of the faithful'. This title was given to the Imam Ali (AS) specifically by the Prophet Muhammed (SAW), but was later attributed to anybody who became a khalif (not by the Prophet (SAW)), so there is amir al-mumineen Abu Bakr, amir al-mumineen Umar, Uthman, muawiyah, yazeed etc.
Amira is the feminine form of the name 'Amir'. Amira means leader or commander (feminine), and it is a popular girl's name.
Ana translates into either 'I am' or 'me' depending on the grammar of a sentence.
Ana Bi Khair (أنا بخير)
Ana bi khair means 'I am well'. It is a response to the question 'kayfa halek?' - how are you?
Deduction, syllogism (partial likeness between two things which are compared)
The word anasheed is plural. Anasheed are religious songs. The singular word is nasheed.
The word anbiya` is a plural word meaning 'Prophets'. The singular form is nabi (or nabey).
Andrew is an English name meaning 'Valiant'.
A descriptive word meaning slender, thin or stylish.
The feminine form of the word is aneeqah (انيقه)
A (feminine) descriptive word meaning slender, thin or stylish.
The masculine form of the word is aneeq (انيق)
The Arabic word for angel is malak.
Madam or Miss.
Literally means helpers or supporters. In Islamic history the people of Madinah who responded to the Prophet's call to Islam and offered Islam a city-state power are known as Ansar.
Anta means 'you' or 'you are'.
Anthony is an English name meaning 'Priceless'.
Anwar is the plural of 'nur' which means light. It is sometimes used as either a girl's (especially) or boy's name.
Heresy (renouncing former beliefs)
Backslider (person who renounces his former beliefs.)
Not real law
Misappropriation, usurpation, extortion (to attain something unlawfully,take and use as one's own)
A place just outside of Mecca, in Mina where the first Muslims from Yathrib Madinah pledged allegiance to the Prophet in the year 621 C.E.. A similar meeting took place the next year when more Muslims from Yathrib pledged their allegiance to the Prophet.
The belief system that is based upon a firm conviction in all the fundamentals of faith and of the Oneness of Allah, i.e. creed
It is derived from the verb aqada meaning to firmly bind and knot. Whatsoever settles in the heart in a firm and definitive manner is said to be that person's aqeedah.
In the technical sense it refers to the definitive faith and certain ruling that is not open to any doubt. It is called aqeedah because the person binds his heart upon it.
(1) Sane, not mentally incapacitated.
(2) Friendly, good and pleasant.
Aql means 'mind'. The phraze 'Ista'mil 'aqlek' translates into 'Use your mind'.
Arabic is the language of the Arabs. Many non-Arabs also speak the language and it comes in many dialects which can be so different an person from one country will have difficulty understanding the other. Arabic is called '`Arabee' in Arabic. It is a very popular language and the Quran is written in Arabic.
The area that surrounds Mount Rahmah, southeast of Mecca.
A plain north of Mecca. It is on this plain that humanity will be raised on the Day of Judgment for questioning and judgment. During the Hajj on the ninth day of the month of Zhu-l-Hijjah, Muslim pilgrims gather on this plain for one day.
Judgment, decree (settlement of a dispute by a person or persons acting as arbitrators)
Araham is a plural word meaning 'wombs'.
Arnold is an English name meaning 'Strong as an Eagle'.
Throne. The specific throne often mentioned is the throne of Allah. It is believed to be physical by the Muslims but is sometimes mentioned metaphorically in the Quran as a means of presenting the power and authority of God.
Arthur is an English name meaning 'Champion'.
As Sala (صلاة)
Asad means lion. It has also been used for a boy's name.
The tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram. On this day the memorial of Moses' (AS) salvation from the hands of Pharaoh, and the slaying of the Grandson of the Prophet Muhammed (SAW), Hussain (AS) and his companions, and his children are remembered.
(1) Asiya (AS) is the name of Pharaoh's wife. She found Prophet Musa (AS) as a baby and convinced Pharaoah not to murder him. She then rejected her husband's claim of divinity and was a Muslim as she chose monotheism. Some Muslim girls are called Asiya.
(2) Asiya is what Arabs call the continent of Asia.
Asr means Evening; It is also the name of an obligatory Prayer (salat) that consists of four rak`ahs; it is performed in the same way as the Al-Dhuhur Prayer.
See Assalamu Alaikum.
Assalamu Alaikum (السلام عليكم)
Peace be unto you. It is a shortened form of the grand greeting: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (Peace be unto you and so may the mercy of Allah and His blessings). The greeting is recommended to be only used between Muslims.
In reply to this a person may repeat the greeting and say: Assalamu Alaikum; However, it is more fitting to reply: Wa Alaikum Assalam.
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh (السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته)
"Peace be unto you and so may the mercy of Allah and His blessings". It is the full version of the Islamic greeting.
Astaghfirullah (استغفر الله)
An Arabic phrase meaning "I ask Allah forgiveness." A Muslim says this phrase many times, even when he is talking to another person. When a Muslim abstains from doing wrong, or even when he wants to prove that he is innocent of an incident he uses this expression.
The color black.
Atfal is a plural word meaning 'Children'. The singular form is tifl.
Punishment or torture.
Audhu is usually part of a phrase: Audhu Billahi Minashaitanir Rajeem. It means 'I seek refuge'.
Audhu Billahi Minashaitanir Rajeem (أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم)
'I seek refuge from the accursed Satan'. This phrase is often recited to ward away evil and before saying bismillahi rahman ar-Raheem before reading the Quran or other activities.
This word means 'first'.
Awliya' is the plural of wali. It means guides, leaders, saints, etc.
Parts of the body that are not supposed to be exposed to others, but this is not to be confused with the english meaning 'private parts', because a woman's legs, for example, is an awrah.
Aws is a popular boy's name. The word Aws is the name of a tribe that was prominent in the city of Madinah during the time of the Prophet Muhammed (SAW).
The Aws often fought with another tribe, the Khazraj, in Madinah, but when the Prophet (SAW) settled in Madinah he made peace between them and they lived peacefully and happily together. Single-handed he had stopped decades of war and loss of life and bound the tribes through Islam.
Proof, evidence, verse (from the Quran), lesson, sign, revelation, miracle etc.
Ayat is the plural of ayah which means a verse from the Quran but it can also mean proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, miracles, etc.
Ayatollah (آية الله)
A high-ranking cleric of the Shia Muslims is known as an Ayatollah. The word means 'sign of God'. Ayatollahs wear traditional clothes when preaching or teaching. They wear black or white turbans with the black turbans signifying they are descendants of Prophet Muhammed (SAW) through his Ahlulbayt (AS).
There is a difference between a normal Ayatollah and a grand Ayatollah. A grand Ayatollah is a marje' and gives direction to the Muslims who follow him (taqleed) in terms of religious law and fiqh. A normal Ayatollah has no right to guide people but can only choose to follow what he thinks is correct. Everybody else has to follow a marje', a grand Ayatollah.
Means 'Verse (of the) ...'. For example there is Ayatul Kursi which means Verse of the throne, in the Quran.
Ayatul Kursi (آية الكرسي)
In the Quran, Surah Baqara (Chapter of the Cow), Ayah (verse) 255 is very beautiful and special and is given this title: "verse of the throne".
Where or wherever.
Prophet Ayyoob (also written Ayoob or Ayub) is known as Job in the English bible.
Ayyoob was a Prophet who lived a sheltered and prosperous life so God decided to test him after Satan said that Ayyoob was only grateful to God due to material wealth. Ayyoob was tested by his Lord and he lost his livelihood, his house, wives, children and he also became very ill, but he remained constant in his devotion to God and worship saying - 'God has taken away what he gave me and I was only the caretaker of his property for a while. God gives to whom he wills and he takes away from whom he wills'. God was impressed with this patience and devotion and in time the Prophet had all his things return back to him but better and more, and he become healthier and happier than ever before. This story is an example for the believers that they should be ready to be tested and be patient even if they may lose their loved ones and possessions.
Aziz (pronounced azeez) is a popular boy's name. It means wise. One of the names of God is 'Al Aziz'.
Door or gate.
Arabic for dad/father. A son or daughter would call his or her father baba.
To spiteful talk especially about a person who is not present.
Slander (spiteful talker especially about a person who is not present.)
The Arabic word for bad is 'Sayyi`'.
The name of the first full military confrontation between the Muslims and the pagans. The battle took place between the Muslims and the Quraish of Mecca in the second year of Hijrah (624 C.E.). Even though the Muslims were outnumbered, the final result was victory.
Bait (also spelt bayt) means 'house'.
Baitul (بيت ال)
Baitul means 'house of...'. An example of the usage of this word is the term 'baitul mal' - the house of currency (National Treasury).
Baitul Mal (بيت المال)
The national treasury. Everybody in the Muslim state that pays taxes has the money go into the baitul mal (the house of currency). The money from this is used to fund the state, its endeavors and to support the poor.
Bakkah is another name for Mecca. It is thought to be the original name of the place and it is mentioned in the Quran.[3.96] Most surely the first house appointed for men (and women) is the one at Bakkah, blessed and a guidance for the nations.
[3.97] In it are clear signs, the standing place of Ibrahim, and whoever enters it shall be secure, and pilgrimage to the House is incumbent upon men for the sake of Allah, (upon) everyone who is able to undertake the journey to it; and whoever disbelieves, then surely Allah is Self-sufficient, above any need of the worlds.
A country or state.
Eloquence. Balaghah usually comes in a sentance as part of the title of a famous book called Nahj al Balaghah - The Peak of Eloquence. This book contains beautifully worded sermons narrated by Imam Ali (AS).
Baligh means developed. A human is said to be baligh when they have attained the age of puberty or what fiqh has defined as 'adulthood', when a child is not a child anymore and becomes responsible for his or her deeds for which they may entail punishment on Judgement Day.
Depending on who's fiqh interpretations a Muslim follows, the ages of balaghah vary. Often for boys, the age of Balaghah is considered to be 15.5 years of age, whereas for girls it is 9 and up, or when they start to have periods.
Bani means 'children of'. For example, 'Bani Israel' are the Children of Israel (descendants of Prophet Jacob).
Bani Israeel (بني إسرائيل)
Bani Israeel means 'Children of Israel'. As you may know, Prophet Israeel (AS) is Prophet Yaqoob (Jacob), and the people who descended from him are known as the children of Israeel; Children of Prophet Jacob (AS).
Al-Baqii is the name of the cemetery where a good many of the Sahabah are buried. It is in the south-east side of Madina.span id=
Barakallah Feek (باركالله فيك)
This is an expression which means: "May the blessings of Allah be upon you." When a Muslim wants to thank to another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation, and gratitude. One of them is to say Barakallah Feek, (or Barakallah Beek).
Cold or cool.
Barry is an English name meaning 'Marksman'.
Barzach (an alternative spelling) is a stage of existence that follows after death. When a person dies Muslims believe that the soul lives on in a special stage of time. In Barzakh the person is asked questions in the grave and may receive blessings or torments. When Judgment day comes they are led to either heaven, hell or limbo, but while they are waiting for that day to arrive they are in the state of Barzakh.
Incorrect; Unaccepted; Falsehood; Evil.
Batool means pure and clean. It has been used as a Girl's name.
The name Paul and the word bawl is pronounced almost the same by Arabs!!!
House or home.
Baytullah (بيت الله)
Baytullah (also spelt baitullah) is formed of two words: bait & Allah; It means 'House of God', and it is in reference to the holy Kaaba in the town of Mekkah.
The Arabic word for Beard is Lihyah.
The Arabic word for beautiful is Jameel (masculine) and Jameelah (feminine).
The Arabic word for beauty is Jamal.
Grammar: word;This is the slang form of the word 'bika'.
Compulsion (being compelled)
A person who gives financial or other help.
Benjamin (بن يامين)
Benjamin is an English name meaning 'Son of right hand'. Prophet Jacob (PBUH) had two sons from his wife Sarah - Joseph (PBUH) and Benjamin.
Benjamin is pronounced 'Ben ya-meen' in Arabic, and the true form is written that way too.
Bernard is an English name meaning 'Stern Bear'.
In the UK some British parents name their daughters bibi or bébé because they think it is cute. lol.
Means Innovation. This is the addition/removal/ignorance of an Islamic law or teaching. Bida usually goes against what is written in authentic hadiths and the Quran or goes against what the Prophet (PBUH&HP) practiced and taught.
The Prophet (PBUH&HP) said: "If anyone introduces an innovation in the religion, he will be responsible for it. (Good or bad). If anyone introduces an innovation or gives shelter to a man who introduces an innovation (in the religion) he is cursed by Allah, by His angels and by all the people." [Sunnan Abu Dawud]
Religious zeal, fanaticism (to hold an opinion obstinately and not to tolerant towards those who do not.)
Bika (or bik) is a synonym of 'feek'. It means 'in you' or 'with you'. The 'a' on the end of the word is an often-used diacritic.
Bilal (RA) was a very special companion of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP). He was originally a black slave but converted to Islam while he was still a slave and for this he was tortured by his master and almost murdered. The Prophet bought him from his master just in time and saved his life. He freed Bilal and Bilal became an influential figure and great companion of the Prophet of Islam.
The word bint means 'daughter-of', so Fatimah bint Muhammed means Fatima daughter-of Muhammed (AS). Sometimes the word bint is used to mean a girl.
The Arabic word for bird is tayr.
Bismihi Taala (بسمه تعالى)
By His (God's) name, the Most High (and Mighty). This phrase is used instead of 'In the Name of Allah, most beneficent, most merciful' (bismillah) because it doesn't contain the word Allah, so it can be written on documents which can be later discarded or destroyed without worry that the word Allah is ruined.
Bismillah (بسم الله)
"In the name of Allah (God)". It is a shortened version of 'Bismillah ar-Rahman ar-Raheem' (In the name of Allah, most gracious, most merciful) and it precedes all surahs (chapters) of the Quran except one. Bismillah is said as a blessing before eating food and other actions that are worthy of giving thanks to Allah or asking of His support.
Bismillah Irahman Nirraheem (بسم الله)
The color black is Aswad in Arabic.
The Arabic word for blind (void of sight) is 'a`ma'.
The Arabic word for book is kitab.
Bowing, bending, genuflection (the act of bowing in the Salat)
The Arabic word for boy is 'Walad'.
The Arabic word for brave is Shuja'.
Brian is an English name meaning 'High, Noble, Strong'.
The Arabic word for brother is 'akh'. Muslims call Muslim men brothers as the Muslims are like a large family.
The Arabic word for calendar is 'taqweem'. See Islamic Calendar for more information. span id=
Calligraphy is known as khat in Arabic.
The chador (pronounced correctly as chaddir) is an item of clothing used by women. It is effectively a large, thin, shawl that is wrapped around the body and covers the head too. It is most popular in Iran, although it is coming out of fashion, and it is usually black in colour.
The first letter of the true-form word is a Persian letter.
The Arabic word for chair is 'Kursi'
Voluntary alms (loving kindness towards others)
Child in Arabic is 'Tifl'.
Children in Arabic is 'Atfal'. A single child is known as a 'tifl'.
The word 'Christian' in Arabic is 'Maseehy'.
Cutting off the foreskin of a male person as a religious rite.
Civil ordinances of Islam
A collection of Islamic laws for private rights of citizens
Taharat is the state of being clean and not impure.
Free from doubt, not confused
Colin is an English name meaning 'People's Victory'.
The Arabic word for 'come' is 'ta`al'.span id=
Commands and prohibitions
Religious injunctions and commandments.
Interpreter,expositor, exegete (a person who comments religious issues.)
Firm trust, conviction, devotion to God (Trust to something firmly.)
The Arabic word for congratulations is 'mabrook'.
Communicational prayer (a group of people gathered for religious worship.)
Knowledge through successive transmissions, following continuously , in unbroken order
Reformer, peace-maker (offering helpful suggestions)
A contented state.
A formal agreement between people or groups or countries.
Partnership according to a contract.
Be contrary (state the opposite, what is said is untrue or that a person is wrong.).
Convicing [proving or declaring (a person ) to be guilty of a crime, a firm opinion or belief, being convince].
Cool (cold) in Arabic is barid.
There is no Arabic word for the slang term 'cool', but a lot of Arabs use the French version - Chique (pron. Sheek).
Dishonester (a person which is dishonest or immoral.)
The Arabic word for country is dawlah.
The Arabic word for covenant is '`ahid'.
The Arabic word for crazy is Majnoon.
The Arabic word for a crescent moon is 'Hilal'.
The Arabic word for dad is 'baba'. (Father is abb).span id=
A plain, tambourine-like drum.
Dajjal is the name given to the Anti-Christ. Muslims believe that there will come a man near the end of times who will fight against Jesus (PBUH) when he returns, and Imam Mahdi (ATFS).span id=
Reason or argument.
Daniel is an Enligh name meaning 'Ruler of the World'.
House or home.
Another word for house is bayt (also spelt bait).
(1) A lesson.
(2) Sometimes an 's' is added to Arabic words to imply that there is more than one of this thing. The word dar means 'house', so dars could mean 'houses'.The Arabic shown is for lesson.
Darul Islam (دار الإسلام)
Dar-ul-Islam, which literally means Home of Islam, is the name given to countries whose religion and government is Islamic. A Muslim may say, for example, that Saudi Arabia is Darul Islam, while China is Darul Kufur (Home of Disbelief).
Darul Kufur (دار الكفر)
Dar-ul-Kufur, which literally means Home of Disbelief, is the name given to countries whose religion and government are effectively Atheist. A Muslim may say, for example, that Saudi Arabia is Darul Islam (Home of Islam), while China is Darul Kufur (Home of Disbelief).
David is the name of a Prophet, known as Dawood in Arabic.
The transliteral spelling of the word david is دافيد (da-feed). There is no letter 'v' in Arabic so it has been replaced with the letter 'f'.
Medicine or cure.
Is there any chance you meant to find the word Dawah?
Literally means "call", and in this sense it refers to calling to the Truth through preaching and propagation.
Dawlah means country or state.span id=
The Arabic word for dawn is Dhuha.
David in English. This Prophet was a devout servant of Allah who used to observe fasting on one day and break it the next, besides practicing forms of worship for about two-thirds of the night. Allah revealed the Psalms (Zaboor) to David, gave him wisdom and knowledge and granted him a strong kingdom.
Obligator (a person who owes money or something else to another.)
Funeral prayer (recommended prayer for asking forgiveness for a dead person).
Religion. A way of life for Muslims.
Deer in Arabic is Ghazaleh. The English word Gazelle comes from this Arabic word.
Preference [recommended action; performance will be rewarded but neglect is not punished (said of an action).]
Supererogatory prayer (the recommended prayers after or before the daily obligatory Salat).
A devil is called a 'Shaitan' in Arabic. Devils are the associates of Iblees (Satan).
An animal slaughtered in the Islamic way making it suitable for Muslim consumption (Halal).
A person who oppresses another person is called a dhalim. The person who is oppressed is called madhloom.
This is a plural word meaning 'oppressors'.
Literally, Dhikr means mention or rememberance but it is often used in reference to the rememberance of Allah. When someone remembers his Lord he will commit less sins and Allah gives thawab for thikr.
A non-Muslim living under the protection of an Islamic state. They are exempt from the duties of Islam like military service and zakat but instead pay an alternative tax to the Islamic state called jizyah.
Dhuha means dawn (day-break), when there becomes brightness in the sky early in the morning. There is a chapter in the Quran called Al-Dhuha. Dhuha (often misspelled Doha) is also a popular girl's name - the Arabic equivalent of the English name Dawn.
In the name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
Means Afternoon. It is also the name of the obligatory salat (prayer) that is performed in the afternoon: Salat al-dhuhur.
Blessing, give dignity to ( to give high rank or position).
Divine legislation, legislating (the laws themselves according to Islamic regulations).
The Arabic word for divorce is 'talaq'.
A doctor in Arabic is known as a tabeeb (or dictawr). Arabs call dentists and vets tabeeb too. Basically, the meaning of the word tabeeb is equivalent to 'physician' (any type).
Tabeeb bashary = medical doctor;
The Arabic word for dog is 'kelb'.
Dream in Arabic is 'hilm' or 'manamah'.
Supplication and Invocation to Allah - asking favours to Him.
This world or life.
The opposite is the afterlife (akhirah).
The Arabic word for duty is 'wajib'. Wajib also means obligation/obligatory.
Official Name: Arab Republic of Egypt.
Capital: Cairo (Al Qahirah)
Eid means celebration. There are two official Eids in Islam and they are Eid al-fitr (Celebration of the feast of breaking fast at the end of Ramadhan) and Eid al-Adhha.
Eid Al Adhha (عيد الاضحى)
Eid Al-Adhha translates to 'The Celebration of the Sacrifice'. The word Eid means celebration or festival. The word Adhha comes from the word dhahiyyah (noun) which means slaughter or sacrifice (or victim).
Eid al-Adhha is celebrated to mark a significant historical event relating to Prophet Abraham (PBUH) when he was tested by his Lord who commanded him to slaughter his only son Ismaeel (Ishmael) (PBUH) and when he was just about to make the cut, God sent down a ram for him to slaughter instead. Abraham's faith had been tested and he had passed the test. This Eid is celebrated remembering this event and as part of the rites of pilgrimage (the Hajj), the people who do the pilgrimage must slaughter/pay-to-slaughter an animal likewise and distribute the meat amongst their family, other pilgrims, relatives, friends and the poor.
Eid Al Fitr (عيد الفطر)
Eid al-Fitr roughly translates to 'the celebration of the end of fasting'. Muslims fast during the Islamic month of Ramadhan and they conclude this month with a three day celebratory holiday, an Eid, known as Eid al-Fitr.
Eid Mubarak (عيد مبارك)
Means 'Happy Eid'. Eid is the Muslim celebration that happens when the month of fasting, Ramadhan, ends.
The translation above is innacurate but gives the general intention of the phraze. Literally translated it would be '(Have a) blessed Celebration'.
Manifestation (expressing in a visible form.
Emel means hope.
The word eshel (pronounced es,hel not esh,el) is derived from the word sehil, which means easy. Eshel means 'easier'.
Union or the uniting of two or more things together, usually used in referring to the uniting of organisations.
The Arabic word for evil is Shar.
Excuse Me (عفواً)
The Arabic word for the English phrase 'Excuse me' is '`Afwen'.
The Arabic word for 'extremism' is 'Ta`assub'. The word is strongly linked with the Arabic word for anger. Modern connotations relate this word with terrorism while its' original common use was to describe how people would stick to particular creed-based opinions with emotional fervour.
An extremist could be called 'mut`assib', which also means they are angry.
The Arabic word for eye is 'ain' (also spelt 3ayn).
The Arabic word for face is 'wejh'.
The Arabic word for faith is 'iman' (pronounced eeman).
Dawn; Salat Fajr is the obligatory (fardh) salah (prayer) before sunrise.
Falsafah is Arabic for Philosophy.
Sin, vice (an untrue statement, a lie)
The Arabic word for far is 'ba`eed'.
Farah means happiness and it is a popular girl's name.
By any chance are you searching for the word Fardh?
Obligatory; This word is synonymous with wajib.
Farha is a word thats meaning encapsulates 'fun and happiness'. It is similar to the word farah which means happiness. Both of these are popular girl's names.
Corruption or loose-morals.
One who is rebellious/disobedient to Allah.
The rebellious/disobedient people to Allah.
The Arabic word for fasting (verb) is Sawm.
See Al Fatiha.
Fatima (PBUH) was the only surviving offspring of the Prophet Muhammed (SAW), and she became the wife of Imam Ali (AS). She has the status of 'Master of the women of the World'. She is a member of Ahlulbayt. Fatimah is a popular girl's name.
Often her name will have another word following it. Such words are a show of reverance by those who love her. The most common of these words is zahraa which means luminous.
A fatwa is a legal verdict given using Islamic law. A scholar or group of scholars issue a fatwa when he/they reach a verdict on an issue and then their followers comply with their opinion.
The word fayez means winner. It is also a boys name.
The Arabic word for fear is Khawf.
Fee Amanillah (في امان الله)
This phraze means '(be) with the safety of Allah'. It is used like goodbye is used by English speakers.
Fee Sabilillah (في سبيل الله)
Literally means 'In God's way'. Giving sadaqah (charity) for the sake of Allah is known as sadaqah fee sabilillah as this act of charity is not required by Islam but it is only recommended. There is lots of thawab for this type of charity.
Fiamaanallah (في امان الله)
See Fee Amanillah.
A fighter is known as a 'mulakim' in Arabic. (Not military).
The Arabic word for final is Akhir.
Islamic Jurisprudence. This is an extremely large and very complex topic of Islamic studies.
The meaning of the word fiqh is understanding, comprehension, knowledge, and jurisprudence in Islam. A jurist is called a Faqih who is an expert in matters of Islamic legal matters.
Firdaws is the name of the 7th level, the highest and best level of heaven.
It is not the garden of Eden as some may claim.
In English Islamic literature the word 'fire' usually refers to the fires of hell. The Arabic word for fire is 'nar'.
The Arabic word for fish is samakah.
To set up rivalry among the Muslims. To disclose secrets about the actions of another person (slang: snitching or grassing).
The normal nature or instinct of a person, animal or thing. It is used in Islamic law to refer to laws that complement or promote a certain instinct - eg cleanliness.
The Arabic word for food is 'Ta`am'.
To say 'for' in Arabic it is done in two ways. You can say 'li' (lillah = For God), or 'lekke' (hadha lekke = this [is] for [you]).
The Arabic true-form shown is for lekke.
Self-control, gentleness (patience, tolerance).
Fortitude and patience
Steadfastness, endurance (courage in bearing pain or trouble)
Fouzia (pron. Fow-ziya) is a popular girl's name. Its' meaning comes from the word fawz, which means success or win.
(1) The Arabic word for free, as in free from jail for example, is 'hur'.
The Arabic word for freedom is 'huriyah'.
manumission, emancipation of slave
The masculine Arabic word for friend is 'sadeeq', and the feminine form is 'sadeeqah'.
The Arabic form shown below is the masculine form. The femine form just has a 'hah' letter on the end.
The Arabic word for 'from' is 'min'.
The word fulan means 'person' or 'someone'.span id=
Al Furqan - The Criterion (between truth and falsehood). It is another name for the Quran.
The Arabic word for gender is jins.span id=
Pedigree (an account of descent from an ancestor given by listing the intermediate persons)
Magnanimity, greatness (free from meanness or prejudice)
Al-Ghafoor is one of the names of God. It means The Most Forgiving.
The unseen. eg. Knowledge of the future.
(2) Unusual or weird. (1) Foreign.
Doing gheebah is 'back-biting' - saying things about someone that they may not want others to know about, and saying those things behind their backs.
A room.span id=
Wash. There are different types of Wash related to Islam, the majority purpose of which is to purify ritually (make tahir).
Ghusl Al Janabah (غسل الجنابة)
Ghusl al-Janabah (wash of Janabah) is a special rite of washing to get the person out of janabah (an impure state). Janabah is a state which a person enters when they have had sex or ejaculated. They cannot pray if they have not done the gusl al-janabah (wash of janabah) in order to cleanse themselves.
The wash is very simple. A person makes the intention to wash, then they wash their head and neck fully, then they wash the whole of the right-hand side of the body, and then the left-hand side of the body.
The Arabic word for God is Allah.
God Willing (إنشاء الله)
God's commiseration (may God's mercy be upon him, to invoke God's blessing)
The Arabic word for good is 'jayed'. This sort of 'good' is a suitable reply when asked for the quality of an item or the health of an individual.
Good Night (تصبح على خير)
A similar phraze to the English 'Good Night' is 'Tusbah ala Khair' which is Arabic for '(may you) wake up to goodness'.
Goodbye (مع السلامه)
The most common word for goodbye in Arabic is ma'asalama ((farewell) with peace).
The Arabic word for government is hukuma.
Mercy, pity, compassion, loving-kindness, blessing (to have mercy on some one, the eliminated favor of God)
Fulfillment, hearing and answering (something fulfilled or allowed as a privilege)
Custody (of children)-(the right or duty of taking care of something)
The word habib on its own means 'beloved', but with the i on the end of the word you attribute the word to yourself so habibi means 'my beloved'. Also see Habibi.
Habeel, also spelt habil, is the name of the second son of Prophet Adam (PBUH). He was murdered by his brother Qabeel out of jelousy.
Habibi means 'My love' or 'My beloved'. Habibi is the form of the word used to refer to men. The feminine form is 'habibti'.
Habibtek means 'your love'.
When a person wishes to say 'my dear' or 'my beloved' to a woman, he says 'habibti'. If it was said to a man, the word would be 'habibi'.
It means "something new" or a "talk". In Islam, Hadith refers to that which is attributed to the Prophet (SAW) as regards words, actions or approvals, physical features and characteristics.
(1) A person is labelled a 'hafidh' if he or she has memorized the whole Quran.
(3) Keep (safe)
Hafsah is the name of one of the wives of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP). She is the daughter of Umar bin al-Khattab.span id=
Alive or living.
Haider is a popular boy's name. It means lion, and Haider was the original name Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) was given by his mother.
The Arabic word for hair is 'Sha`ar'.
Hajj is the fifth pillar of Islam. The Hajj is a pilgrimage to the city of Makkah in Saudi Arabia. Hajj is obligatory on every Muslim except those who are ill or have financial constraints.
Pilgrimage to Mecca (an obligatory Islamic ceremony by visiting the Holy places and doing religious rituals in Mecca)
A male who has gone to Makkah and done the obligatory Hajj ritual is called a Hajji. A female who has done it is known as a Hijjiyah.
Judge or referee.
Permissible, lawful. Used especially in referance to food.
Ham (لحم الخنزير)
Ham is pig meat, so the Arabic words means pig meat - Laham al-khanzeer.
Praise. The word Hamd alone is not very useful but when used in phrases like 'Al hamdu lillah', (The) Praise be to Allah, it is effective.
Hamzah (RA) was one of the uncles of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH&HP). He died a martyr in the battle of Uhud after being struck with a spear in his back. He was titled 'assadullah', the lion of God, as he was a very strong and brave defender of Islam.
The Arabic word for happy is farhan.
This word could mean: Truth, Truthfulness, Prerogative, Birthright, Correct, Right, etc.
(1) Prohibited, illegal. Mostly used in referance to actions as well as foods.
(2) Sacred/Holy - as in Masjid al-Haram (The sacred mosque) in Mecca and within it is the Kaaba.
Thief or Burglar.
War or battle.
Harun (or Haroon) is Aaron in English. Prophet Aaron (PBUH) was Moses's eloquent brother who helped him proclaim his mission to Pharaoh. When Moses (PBUH) went to fulfill the appointment with his Lord on Mount Sinai, Aaron succeeded him in leading the Israelites. During this period a man called Al-Samiri suggested to the Israelites that they make the golden figure of a calf to worship. Thus they went astray and committed a great sin. Aaron persistently tried to convince them to return to the worship of Allah, but they did not listen to him. Upon his return, Moses was angered by the Israelites and began to re-educate them about the true religion.
(1) Good or acceptable. Used to indicate authenticity of some reports in Hadith.
(2) The name of the Grandson of the Prophet (SAW) and son of Imam Ali (AS). Also written as Hassan, Hasen, Hassen.
When a good deed is done a Muslim gains positive points called hasanat or thawab. When a person is brought before God for judgement their good deeds will be weighed-up against their bad deeds (ithim).
(1) The name of the Grandson of the Prophet (SAW) and son of Imam Ali (AS). Also written as Hassan, Hasen, Hassen.
(2) Good or acceptable.
The Arabic word for hate is Karahah.
To say that you hate cheese for example, you say 'Ikreh Jibin'.
Hawaa is the name of Prophet Adam's wife, know as Eve in English books.
The Arabic word for heart is qelb.
The Arabic word for heaven (paradise) is 'Jannah'.
The Arabic word for hell is Jahanam.
Hello (السلام عليكم)
The Arabic word for hello is marhaba but most commonly used is Assalamu Alaikum which is the universal Muslim greeting.
The Arabic word for help is 'musa`edeh'.
The Arabic shown is for 'musa`edeh'.
Hibah means gift - a gift from Allah. It is a popular girl's name.
The actual guiding of someone to the true path.
Literally means Concealing, screening, cover, protecting and is used to refer to the mandatory (wajib) dress of the muslim female. It is usually a (1m x 1m) piece of cloth that is wound around the head to cover the hair, the ears and the neck.
Hijabi is a slang term used to label a lady as a hijab (veil) wearing woman. It is not derogatory. The term that is better used to refer to a veiled woman is muhajjibah.
Hijabi is not a recognised Arabic word so the Arabic shown here mimicks the phonetic pronunciation.
A female who has gone to Mecca and done the obligatory Hajj ritual is called a Hijjiyah. A male who has done it is known as a Hajji.
Means migration. The Hijrah refers to the Prophet's migration from Mecca to Madinah. This journey took place in the twelfth year of his mission (622 C.E.). This is the beginning of the Muslim calendar. By islamic law the word hijrah usually refers to leaving a place to seek sancturary or freedom from persecution or freedom of religion or any other purpose. Hijrah can also mean to leave a bad way of life for a good or more righteous way.
Talk or speaking.
The word hilwah means nice, pretty or beautiful. It has been used as a Girl's name.
A party - usually political.
Hizbullah (حزب الله)
Hizbullah is made formed from two words; Hizb means 'political party', and ullah is derived from the word Allah which means God. Therefore Hizbullah means Party of God. Hizbullah is an organization based in the country of Lebanon and they have public and militant interests in the region. They aim to protect the Lebanese borders and the Palestinian state from Israeli aggression and occupation.
An native inhabitant of heaven is known as a Hoori. Fatimah (AS), the Prophet Muhammed's (SAW) daughter was known as a human hooriyah.
The 'yah' on the end of the word hoori above confirms that the subject is female - it is a language construct.
The Arabic word for hope is emel.
The Arabic word for hot, in reference to heat, is 'har'.
House in Arabic is 'bait'.
The Arabic word for 'how' is 'kayfa'.
How Are You? (كيف حالك)
The Arabic form of this phraze is 'Kayf Halek'.
Hud (also spealt hood) is the name of a Prophet of Islam.
Huda (also spelt Hooda) is a popular girl's name. It means guidance.
A legal ruling or verdict.
The word 'Humaira`' was a nickname the Prophet Mohammed (pbuh&hp) gave to his wife Aisha, and this was because she had rosy cheeks. The word Humaira' means reddish.
Hur means 'free' as in free from prison.
The English word 'husband' is 'zawj' in Arabic.
The English plural word 'husbands' is 'azwaj' in Arabic.
Hussain, or Imam Hussain (pbuh), was the son of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (pbuh) and Fatimah bint Muhammed (pbuh). Imam Ali is the cousin of Prophet Muhammed (Pbuh&hp) and Hadrat Fatimah is the daughter of Prophet Muhammed, so Hussain was the grandson of the Prophet. Hussein died a martyr on Ashura, the tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram along with the majority of his family and his companions, by the swords and arrows of the army of Yazid bin Mu'awiyah. Hussain is a very respected and loved figure in Islam. Many parents name their boys after him.
The word 'I' is 'ana' in Arabic. Ana can also mean 'I am'.
Means woship. An act of ibadah is an act of worship done for the sake of Allah.
Ibid is a Latin acronym for ibidim and it means 'At the same place'. In many English Islamic books the list of references sometimes state this word. It means the referenced quote can be found in the same book as listed above.
1. The Holy Quran, by Allah, 1:1
2. Ibid; 27:30
A jinn (a special type of species) and shaytaan (satan). Iblees is the name of the jinn that caused Adam & Eve to be removed from heaven.
Ibn, or bin, means 'son of'. Eg: Ali `ibn` Abi Talib (PBUH) means Ali `son of` Abi Talib.
Abraham in English. He was the "Close One to Allah" Who preferred him over many others and selected him to be a messenger. Though brought up in a pagan community that worshiped idols, Abraham refused to do so and realized that there must be a greater god of the universe. Allah guided him to the right path and revealed His message to him. He then directed his mission to his people, and called on them to renounce idolatry. He was answered with stubborn refusals. They plotted against him but their schemes were in vain, for Allah, the Almighty, provided support and protection to His servant and prophet, Abraham. Abraham was the forefather of a line of prophets through his two sons Ishmael and Isaac. It was Abraham who began the construction of the Kaabah with the help of Ishmael.
A woman's prescribed waiting period after divorce or death of husband. It is 4 months and 10 days.
If there was no period of iddah and the woman married another man and discovered she was pregnant then she would be unable to tell who the father of the child was. Iddah solves this potential problem. Iddah also applies in the situation where a woman converts while she is married to a none-Muslim husband, she has 4 months and 10 days for him to accept Islam or else the marriage dissolves.
Breaking the fast. Beginning to eat after the sun sets - especially during ramadhan.
Ijtihad is the process whereby a very educated Muslim makes up his own ruling on the permissibility of an Islamic law just for himself. This person would be labelled a 'Mujtahid'. An uneducated person is not permitted to do this and must follow the ruling of his Imam instead.
The word ikhlas means 'sincerity'. It is the name of a surah (chapter) in the Quran. This chapter is also known by the name 'tawheed', which means unity.
(Chapter 112. The Unity)
Means brothers/sisters. Often used in sentances like 'nahnu ikhwa(tun)', we are brothers/sisters.
Ikhwan is the plural of Akh.
From the word Ikhwa which means brothers/sisters; the 'tun' on the end of the word is a diacritic (harakah).
God / Deity / Lord.
The Arabic word for 'ill' is 'Mareedh'.
Literally means 'knowledge' or 'knowledge of ...'. It can also mean science.
Elijah in English. He was a prophet sent to the people of Baalbek, in east Lebanon. He called them to worship only Allah and stop adoring their idol Ba`la. They subjected him to different punishments.
Ibn `Abbas said that Elijah was the paternal uncle of Elisha.
The word Imam has multiple meanings:
(1) The person who leads a congretional (jamaa) prayer
(2) The Muslim leader who runs the Masjid (Mosque)
(3) A Khalif (leader of the Muslim peoples)
(4) A normal leader of Muslims, but this leader usually provides at least some spiritual guidance
(5) Any one of 12 infallible members of the Ahlulbayt (family of the Prophet) (AS). (Shia)
(6) Any one of the 4 recognised fallible grand scholars of the Ahlul Sunnah wal Jama`ah. (Sunni)
(7) Any scholar who is deemed educated enough, usually a mujtahid
(8) An `Alim
(9) An Ayatollah
(10) A Mufti
(11) A person who is given the special status of Imam by God; e.g. Prophet Abraham (PBUH).
Leader of a congregational prayer
Faith. Iman (pronounced Eeman) is a popular girl's name.
Iman is pronounced eeman but with the ee said said softer and the a slightly extended.
Not pure, ritually unclean (unclean substance or element, ritually not pure)
Ina Lillahi Wa Ina Ilayhi Raajioon (إنا لله و إنا إليه راجعون)
"To Allah we belong and unto Him is our return". Is said immediately upon hearing of the death of a Muslim.
Fornication (obscene act)
Singly prayer (doing official prayer ritual alone)
Infidel ( Person with no belief in a religion)
The Injeel is the holy book, or Gospel, that Allah gave to Prophet Jesus (PBUH). In todays world this book does not exist, but there are parts and influences from it found in the New Testament and other Gospels that did not make it into the Canon of the New Testament but these parts are not easy to point out. The Injeel IS NOT the New Testament because the NT was written after Jesus and by 4 main writters (amongst many) - Peter, Mark, Luke & John. There is no 'Gospel of Jesus'.
'We are' or 'we have'.
A Person or Human.
Inshallah (إن شاء الله)
It could mean any one of the following variations: If Allah (God) wills; When Allah (God) wills; If Allah (God) wishes;
Intelligence, expert knowledge (the ability to perceive and understand the true nature of something.)
Mediation, intercession (Islamic moral principle or set of principles)
The Arabic word for Interest is Ribba.
Suicide is absolutely forbidden in Islam.
Closer relative (someone with whom there can never be marriage because of consanguinity or affinity. For example, a father is a Mahram relative for a woman.)
Saying 'Iqra`' to someone is to order them to read. When Prophet Muhammed (SAW) was meditating in the cave of hiraa he was ordered to read by angel Jibraeel (Gabriel). Iqra` was the first word of the Quran that came upon the Prophet (SAW).
The angel repeated the order: iqra! Read! as Muhammed explained he was unable to read, then Jibraeel said:
A terrorist is known as an Irhabi.
The Arabic word for Iron (Fe) is 'Hadeed'.
There is a Surah (Chapter) in the Quran called Al-Hadeed.
Isa is the name of Prophet Jesus (PBUH). Muslims believe Jesus was a Prophet without a father and the son of Mary the virgin (RA).
Almost as Adam had been created without a father or mother, Jesus Christ was born without a father. He was Allah's Word inspired to Mary. Allah gave him Clear Signs and endowed him with the Holy Spirit. He was held in honour both in this world and the Hereafter and in the company of those nearest to Allah. Jesus was strong in spirit, and very wise. Allah bestowed upon him the power to speak eloquently while still an infant in his cradle. Indeed, Jesus's miracles were innumerable. Allah taught him the Wisdom and Book, the Torah and the Gospel. Allah made him His Messenger to the Children of Israel. By Allah's leave, Jesus made the figure of a bird out of clay and breathed into it and it became a bird. He could, by Allah's leave, heal those born blind, lepers and even resurrect the dead. Jesus invited his people to worship Allah, the Only True God and obey Him as He should be obeyed; but they rejected him and rebelled. Only the poor among them followed him. Allah raised Jesus up unto Himself and saved him from those who plotted to crucify him.
Isaac is a Prophet, son of Prophet Abraham (PBUH). He is known as Is-haq in Arabic.
This word means night; It is also the name of an obligatory Prayer that is done at this time - Salat al `ishaa. This prayer consists of four rak`ahs.
Prophet Isaac (in English) was Abraham's son by his wife Sarah, and the father of Prophet Jacob. The tidings of his birth were given to his parents by the angels who had been sent to destroy the city of the people of Lot. The Holy Qur'an referred to Isaac as "a son endowed with wisdom." Isaac was sent as a Prophet to guide people to the right way.
(1) A monotheistic religion with the second largest following in the World.
The Arabic word 'Islam' simply means 'submission', and derives from a word meaning 'peace'. In a religious context it means complete submission to the will of God. 'Allah' is the Arabic name for God, which is used by Arab Muslims and Christians alike.
Islamic Calendar (التقويم الإسلامي)
The Islamic Calendar is 'Al-Taqweem al-Islami' in Arabic - it is often called the 'Hijri' Calendar because it is started from the 'Hijrah' (migration) of the Muslims from Makkah to Madina to escape persecution. This occurred in the year 620/621AC, so the current year 2008CE is 1429AH. AH means 'after hijrah'.
There are 12 months in the Islamic calendar and the names of these months are:
Islamic rules, Islamic regulations (Islamic commandments that every Muslim should respect them.)
Islamic Education (Islamic training in order to respect religious desires.)
The word 'ism' means 'name'. To say 'my name is Tom' in Arabic you say 'ismi Tom'.
Infallibility - being innocent of any sins.
Ishmael (in English) was the first son of Prophet Ibraham (AS) by his second wife, Hajir (RA) (Hagar in English).
Has two meanings related to Hadith:
(1) Ascribing a hadeeth back to the one who said it - connecting the chain of narration;
(2) The chain of narrators which reaches back to the text - which is the same as "as-sanad".
1) The Prophet Yaqoob (Jacob in English) was also called Israel which means "Servant of Allah".
2) The name of the country formed after world war two that is on occupied Palestinian land.In the Quran the quote 'the Children of Israel' is read often but few people know that it means 'Descendants of Prophet Yaqoob'.
It is also rarely used as a name because Allah often mentions the descendants of Israel as sinners in the Quran, and the current political climate in the middle east makes it innapropriate since someone called Israel would be presumed to be a supporter of the illegal state.
to seek Allah's forgiveness. It is something that must be done continuously in a Muslims life.
(1) The act of welcoming someone.
(2) The act of approaching someone.
The act of Martyrdom.
Ithim are negative points that you reap when you commit a sin. See Thawab for comparison.
Jacob is the name of a Prophet known as Yaqoob in Arabic. Jacob is also known as Prophet Israeel.
(1) Refering to a person who is extremely ignorant and disbelieves in God. Often used to describe the people of the era that preceeded the revelation of the Qur'an, and the ignorant in general.
(2) A small child.
Extreme ignorance (jahl) and disbelief in God. Often used to describe the era that preceeded the revelation of the Qur'an, and ignorance in general.
The word Jamal means Beauty. It is also a name that is suitable for both boys and girls.
Usually means heaven/paradise, but can also refer to a wonderful garden. Jannah is also a popular girl's name.
Jazakallah (جزاك الله)
'May Allah grant you (goodness)'. Jazakallah Khair is the actual phrase in its entirity.
Jazakallah Khair (جزاك الله خير)
This is a popular phrase that people use to thank others. It literally means 'May Allah grant you goodness'.The actual word for thanks is shukran.
Jesus (PBUH) is the Anglicized name of a famous figure in religion. The Arabic form of this name used in the Quran is pronounced 'eesa' but often written as 'Isa'.
The Arabic word for Jew and Jewish is Yahudi.
Tribute (A Tax imposed on non-Muslims who are under Muslim rule, poll-tax anciently paid in lieu of conversion to Islam.)
Jibraeel is the Arabic name for Gabrial, the angel of God.
(1) Personal Struggle (in the way of Allah (God) to keep evil away from yourself)
There are two types of Jihad:
A woman's loose-fitting garment covering the entire body so it doesn't show the figure. It covers the body and requires a hijab in addition to cover the whole body (except the face and hands) to Islamic standard.
A creature created by Allah (God) that was made from fire. They live in another dimension and don't usually enter our dimension.
The Jizyah is a tax payed by non-Muslims living in Islamic lands (a Thimmi) to the state. Through this tax they are exempt from the duties of Islam like military service and zakat and are protected by the state as well.
(1) The word job, as in 'My job is ...', is 'shughul' in Arabic.
The Arabic shown above is the name of the Prophet.
Prophet Jonah (PBUH) is known as Yunus or Dhun-Nun in Arabic.
The Arabic word shown is for Yunus.
Official Name: Hashemite kingdom of Jordan.
Joseph is the name of a Prophet, known as Yusuf in Arabic.
Prudent(ly) (judging wisely, showing good sens)
Jum'a means Friday. This is the Muslim holy day much like the Jews have Saturday, and the Christians Sunday, as their holy days. Muslims go to the Mosque (Masjid) to pray the Jum'a prayer (a special friday prayer) in congretion.
Divine law, canonical law (the science of jurisprudence or interpreting the Shari'a)
Good or sufficient reasons ( persons, statements or acts etc. show something are right or Just.)
The Quran is split into 30 parts with each part known as a juzu`. Juzu` just means 'part'.
A square stone building in Al-Masjid-al-Haram (the well-known mosque at Makka). Muslims line up in prayer facing towards this direction. It is covered by a large black cloth embroidered with gold thread to display Quranic verses.
Big or large.
Generally the word kafir means 'unbeliever' and it is not meant as a derogatory label (unless it is used against Muslims by another Muslim). Of course, there are different levels of Kufur (disbelief) so although a person may be correctly identified as a kafir, that person is not kafir in the strongest sense of the word. Absolute kufur is the denial of God. Here are some examples of kufur:
وَإِذْ قُلْنَا لِلْمَلاَئِكَةِ اسْجُدُواْ لآدَمَ فَسَجَدُواْ إِلاَّ إِبْلِيسَ أَبَى وَاسْتَكْبَرَ وَكَانَ مِنَ الْكَافِرِينَ
This plural word means 'unbelievers'. It is derived from the singular word 'kafir'.
This plural word means 'unbelievers'. It is derived from the singular word 'kafir'.
'How', or 'How is...' or 'How did...'.
Kalam means speech (spoken words).
(1) The Kalimah, also known as The Shahadah, is the name of a phraze a person must say in order to become a Muslim.
(2) Kalimah means 'word'.
Kerbala is a word made formed of two words, 'ker' means anguish and 'bala' means vexation. Karbala is a city in Iraq. It is where Imam Hussain (AS) (and his family and companions), grandson of Prophet Muhammed (SAW) was slaughtered by the army of the Khalif (leader) of the time, Yazeed bin Muawiyah.
The word Kareem means 'generous'. It is a popular boy's name.
Kayf Halek (كيف حالك)
When an Arabic speaking person greets you and asks kayfa halek? He is saying 'how is your health?' or 'how are you?'.
An evil or sickening person or thing.
Khadijah is an old Arabic name for girls. The Prophet Muhammed (SAW) married Khadijah bint Khwaylid (RA), his first wife. She was the first person to become a Muslim - the first person to become a Muslim was a woman!
Good or Goodness.
Khalas means 'enough','stop' or 'end'. It is popularly used as a phraze akin to the English phraze 'All right-then'.
Khalid is a popular boy's name. It means content and happy.
Khalif (pronounced Khaleef) means successor. A Khalif is a leader of the Muslim Ummah (nation/peoples). After Prophet Muhammed (pbuh&hp) died there came after him numerous khalifs (successors) who were called Khalifs (Khaleefs).
The famous first four Khalifs are:
The Muslim Ummah's (nation/peoples) Leadership. Also see Khalif.
Khaliq means 'Creator', and Al-Khaliq (The Creator) is one of the names of God, as He is the supreme Creator.
Drink containing Alcohol. Usually refering to beer. Alcoholic drinks are forbidden in Islam.
land revenue, land tax, paying allegiance, tribute (a country's annual income from lands taxes)
Fear or fright.
The Caliphate system - The leadership system of the Muslim nation (ummah). See Khalif.
A type of cloak.
Khuda Hafiz (خدا حافظ)
This is an Urdu/Farsi language phrase which means goodbye. It literally means 'God Protect'.
The 'z' on the end of the word should actually be 'dh' instead because that is how it is written, but people have difficulty pronouncing this properly so they take a shortcut and convert 'dh' to 'z'. This phenomenon is seen throughout the language.
The word 'khulafa' is the plural of the word khalif.
An exit, leaving or emergence.
Khushu' means deep reverence and devotion (in prayer to God).
A speech or sermon. It is mostly used to refer to the sermon given during the Friday congregational (Jamaa) prayer.
Melik is the Arabic word for King. Al-Melik (The [supreme] King) is one of the names of God.
The Arabic word for knowledge is '`ilm'.
Kuffar is the plural of the word Kafir. It means 'unbelievers'.
The word kuffur means 'disbelief'. E.g. Associating partners in worship with God is considered an act of kuffur.
Kuffur comes from the root word 'kafir'.
The action of showing ungratefulness to Allah and disbelief in Him and His Prophets. One who does this is known as a kafir.
A person is known as a kurdi to identify their ethnicity as being descended from Kurdish lineage.
La Hawla Wala Quwwata Ila Billah (لا حول ولا قوة إلا بالله)
This is a common phrase that literally means 'There is no change nor power except by means of God'. This expression is often said when a Muslim is seized by a calamity or situation beyond their control.
La Ilaha Ilallah (لا اله الا لله)
There is no (other) God except Allah.
La Raib (لا ريب)
La raib means 'no doubt (therein)'. You will find the phraze in the Holy Quran in Surat Al-Baqarah (Chapter of The Cow) in the second verse: [2.2] This Book (Quran), there is no doubt in it, is a guide to those who guard (against evil).
Lah (also spelt La) means 'No'.
Lament ( Feel or express great sorrow or regret for sb/sth)
Mourning, sorrow (a passionate expression of grief).
The Arabic word for language is 'lugha'.
Deceased, defunct, of blessed memory (no longer alive)
The Arabic word for law is qanoon.
Lawh or lauh, means 'screen' or 'record'. In Islamic terms the 'lawh', called the 'lauh al mahfoodh' - the protected record - is the record that is written by angels that documents your actions on earth with everything you did, thought or felt, and this record will be used to argue the case for & against you on judgement day.
Laws of the Shari'ah:
Canonical , legal, lawful, religious (the rules and regulations of Islam, the divine Law. Shari'ah is the totality of of Allah's Commandments relating to man's activities.)
Layal is the plural of layl. Layal means nights.
loan, borrow [give or allow the use of ( a thing ) temporarily on the understanding that it or its equivalent will be returned. Have the loan of.]
The Arabic word for letter is 'risalah'.
The Arabic word for liar (one who tells untruths) is Kathaab.
Life is hayat in Arabic.
The Arabic word for light is 'noor'.
The Arabic word for lion is asad, which is also used as a name for males.
1) Live, as in "live on BBC News", is Mubashir.
(2) Live, for life, varies based on usage:
The Arabic word shown is for `ayish.
The Arabic word for 'look', used in the form of an order, is 'Undhur'.
The Arabic word for Lord is 'Rab' (pronounced a bit like 'rub').
Lubnan is the Arabic name for the country of Lebanon.
Prophet Lot (in English) was Abraham's nephew. Allah sent him to a transgressing people who used to commit abominable acts and indulge in their lusts with men rather than women. (Homosexuals).
Lot frequently preached to them to abandon such heinous crimes and come to the right course of Allah, but they never obeyed him. Being disappointed in them, Lot prayed Allah to destroy them, but save the believers among them. Because Lot's wife was apparently not a believer, her previous sympathy for the sinful people destined her to a miserable end along with her people.
Maasalama (مع السلامه)
Maasalama, also spelt ma'asalama or ma3asalama, means '(farewell) with peace'. Many Arabic speakers say this phrase like an English speaker would say Goodbye.
This word means '(You are) blessed'. It is a commonly-used word said to someone who has received something good. It is a means of congratulation.
Madad is an Urdu word meaning 'help' (us).
Creed or sect.
Madhi (pron. Maadhee) means 'past'.
Oppressed. Someone is madhloom if they have been opressed by a dhalim (oppressor).
Madina (المدينة المنورة)
Madina means 'city' or 'town', but in Islam the word Madina is actually the name of a city that the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh&hp) migrated to from Mecca. It was previously called Yathrib but was changed to 'Madina al-Munawarah' (The light-filled city) in honor of the Prophet's arrival. It was thus called Madina from thereon as the short form of the name. Madina lies north of Mecca.
The Arabic true form shown says 'al-madina al-Munawara'.
Madina Al Munawara (المدينة المنورة)
(1) Madinah means city or town in Arabic.
(2) A city that is approximately 250 miles away from the city of Makkah where the Prophet (SAW) arrived at following the Hijrah (migration) from Makkah to Madina. The Prophet set up the first Islamic state there.
(1) Maghrib is the time of day when the sun goes down and night begins to take over.
The word maghrib comes from the root word ghuroob which means 'setting'. The country of Morocco was called Maghrib as the other root word 'gharb' means 'west' as it is the west-most Muslim country.
(1) A shop.
(2) A place or location for an object.
A descriptive word meaning 'loved' or 'loveable'.
Mahdi means 'guided one'. Often refered to as Imam Mahdi, or Al-Mahdi, it is the nickname name of a very important person in Islam who will have the real name: Muhammed. He is yet to be born according to the majority of Sunni Muslims, but is alive at this very moment according to the majority of Shia Muslims, but his identity is not know (i.e. He is in occulation).
It is said he will accompany Prophet Jesus (AS) when he returns and will rid the world of evil, eventually bringing peace & harmony after the great wars.
Mahdi is also a popular boy's name.
Depending on its' use, this word could mean either 'protected', 'wrapped' or 'learnt by heart'.
The mahr is an amount of money or property that is given to the wife by the husband as a non-returnable dowry in the marriage contract. She may use it as she wishes.
A mahram is a male, whom a woman can never marry because of close relationship (e.g. a brother, a father, a sibling); The mahram can be thought of as a guardian she can call upon when neccessary if she is not married, but if she is then her own husband is her mahram when he is available. A woman need not wear hijab in front of her mahram and a mahram is usually needed for travelling long distances in safety.
A Majlis is a program of speaches and other activities (usually at a mosque).
The holy city of Makkah is situated in Saudi Arabia and is the birth place of Prophet Muhammed (SAW). Prophet Ibraheem (PBUH) built the Kaaba there and Muslims go to do Hajj (pilgramage) there.
Means disliked, hated or detested. It is used in reference to actions and deeds that are refered to negativly in the sunnah or the Quran. These actions will not get you ithim, but avoiding them will gain you thawab. Doing makrooh things is not recommended. E.g. growing long finger nails.
The word maktoob means 'it is written / it was written'. People use the phrase to imply that they were predestined to have something happen to them. Belief in fate (non-absolute fate) is mandatory in Islam.
Malak means angel. It can be used as a name for either a boy or a girl, but it should be noted that Angels are not feminine.
Malakul Mawt (ملك الموت)
The Angel of Death, called `Azraeel in Islam.
(1) Malik means owner or master of an object. Malik is a popular boy's name.
The Arabic word for man is rajul.
Manahil can mean springs or founts (of water, knowldge, etc.). It is a popular girl's name amongst Asians.
Ill and in bad health.
This is a traditional Arabic greeting meaning 'Welcome'.
A Marje' is a grand scholar of Islam who is allowed to give rulings. Muslims follow (do taqleed of) the rulings of this highly-educated person because they are doctors of religion and most people lack the education to know all the rulings of Islam.
A Marje' can also be known as a Grand Mufti or Grand Ayatollah.
The Arabic word for marriage is Nikah.
The Arabic word for Martyr is Shaheed.
Shaheed is whoes death or great suffering is in support of a belief ( Islam ).
Undergoing death or great suffering in support of a belief ( Islam .
The Arabic form of this popular girls' name is 'maryam'.
"Mary", written the same way it sounds in English is ماري
Maryam is the Arabic word for the name Mary. Maryam (AS) was the mother of Prophet Isa (Jesus) (PBUH). Maryam is regarded as being one of the four greatest created women. Maryam is a very popular girl's name.
Wipe or wiping.
Masa,il is a plural word meaning 'questions'. The singular is su'al.
Masajid is a plural word meaning Mosques (Muslim places of worship). A single mosque is known as a Masjid.
Literally means 'Whatever Allah (God) wills'. It is often used in occasions where there is surprise in someones' good deeds or achievements. For example people say Mashallah when someone does very well in their exams.
A building designated for prayer. Called "Mosque" in English.
The word ma'soom is often equated with the English word Infallible which means incapable of error. However, people who are described as ma'soom do not make errors or commit sins, but they have the ability to make errors and commit sins.
Many Muslims say the Prophets (PBUT) are masoom but the Shia also say the members of Ahlulbayt are masoom in addition to the Prophets. It is part of their 'aqueedah.
Ma'soomeen is a plural word meaning infallibles - persons free from sin. The singular word is ma'soom.
A school of thought, direction, manner, mode.
Mathhabs arrise due to different interpretations of the Quran, Sunnah and for political reasons. The word mathhab and sect can be thought of in the same way usually, but there is a difference because there can be different mathhabs within the same sect. Examples of Mathhabs include Shia, Sunni, wahabi, salafi, deobandi etc. A muslim should not follow a mathhab when it contradicts clear proof in the Quran and Sunnah.
Matthew is an English name meaning 'Gift of God'.
Lord, Master, Helper, Protector, Supporter, Patron. Not usually used in referance to God.
The plural of mawrid, and it means 'sources'.
Master, lord, leader etc.
A form of address to a ruler or person of authority implying protector.
Birth or birthday.
The Arabic word for meat is Laham.
A weighing scale used to measure weights. In Islam the meezan is a hypothetical scale used to measure good deeds against bad deeds on Judgement day.
The following surah (The Calamity) in the Quran mentions the concept of weighing of deeds on the scales:
Michael is the name of an Angel known as Mikaeel in Arabic.
A mihrab is commonly found in traditional mosques. It is a prayer niche where the Imam stands to lead the prayers and it shows the direction of the Qibla. It is usually built by digging out a concave pillar shape from the wall. It is then decorated in all sorts of beautiful Islamic art designs.
Mikaeel (Michael) is the name of one of God's very important Angels. One thing he is known for is bringing a plate of heavens' fruits to Prophet Muhammed (SAW) the night Fatimah (AS), the Prophet's daughter was conceived.
Min Fadhlek (من فظلك)
During Hajj (pilgramage) the town of Mina must be visited. It is about five miles away from Makkah.
A minbar is an object commonly found in traditional mosques. The Imam of the Mosque goes up the stairs and sits (or stands) from the seat at the top so that he can preach a sermon. It is a lot like a pulpit which is found in traditional Christian churches.
Minbars come in different designs but the most common are wooden ones that have Islamic art carved into them.
Lantern or torch.
Vice, evil [conduct (especially of children ) that is annoying or does slight damage but is not malicious. A tendency to tease or cause annoyance playfully.]
Misleding,aberration [leading astray, causing ( a person ) to gain a wrong impression of something, State of being miss led].
A person is described as being miskeen if they are poor & needy, in need of certain necessities to stop them from going hungry and/or perishing.
Misr is the Arabic name used for the country of Egypt.
The miswak is the natural equivalent of the toothbrush. It is a short twig with frayed bristles that is used to brush the teeth and it is made from the twigs of the Salvadora persica (Peelu or Arak) tree.
The Prophet (SAW) highly recommended using the miswak to clean the teeth. The miswak has a natural anti-bacterial effect and decreases tooth decay and improves the odour of the mouth. It is recommended to use the miswaq (even if you have a modern toothbrush) before praying as it is stated in hadith that the reward for the prayer will be increased 70-fold.
The Arabic word for moon is 'Qamar'. A crescent moon is known as a 'hilal'
Virtuous (moral excellence, goodness)
Morality and self-perfection
Ethics, morals (moral principles or rules, Islamic system or particular system of morals)
The Arabic word for 'more' is Akthar.
Official Name: Kingdom of Morocco.
In Arabic, the country is called 'Maghrib'.Capital: Rabat.
Pawning [give someone a claim on (property) as security for payment of a debt or loan, deposited ( a thing ) with a pawn broker as security for money borrowed.]
The Arabic word for mosque is masjid.
The Arabic word for mother is 'umm'. See Umm for more information.
To say 'Your mother' to a man, you say 'ummek'.
Muawiyah was one of the companions (sahabah) of Prophet Muhammed (SAW). He managed to become the fifth Khalif (leader) after rebeling against the leadership of Imam Ali (AS) and taking the throne as leader of the Muslim Ummah (nation). Muawiyah had a son called Yazid who Muawiyah made the Khalif after him.
Mubah is one of the classifications of an action according to Islamic Jurisprudence (fiqh). It means 'permitted based on individuals whim'. This category is left undecided and without a ruling by scholar so it is left for the person to decide for themselves if they do things such as eating apples or oranges. Doing or not doing the Mubah does not count as a good or bad deed.
A muedhin is a person who does the call to prayer, the Athan. This call to prayer is said loudly so that others become aware that the congretional prayers are about to begin.
A mufti is a person who presents the laws and fiqh of the scholars to people who ask for them. They should not give their own opinion but they should present the arguments and laws of the maraje' (grand Muftis or Ayatollahs). Most muftis are found in Saudi Arabia and Iran. The word mufti is derived from the word fatwa and it means 'one who gives fatwas'.
A mufti cannot allow people to follow his own opinions, but the mufti can follow his own opinions. A grand Mufti is a higher ranking Mufti that is followed by a large group of people. This is a lot like an Ayatollah found in Shia Islam. Some countries have their own Mufti to decree the opinion of the state.
A woman who is veiled - wears a hijab.
The name of the final Prophet of Islam. He is deeply revered and is always given a blessing after mention of his name - peace be upon him - which is given acronyms like (SAW) or (PBUH). Many Muslims use the name for their male children.
We have to know and understand who this man (Muhammed) is, for it is through him the final revelation descended from the Lord and it is through him we will know more than just what Islam is or what religion is. It is through him we will discover who Allah (God) is and thus who we are, our purpose or goal in this life and how to achieve enlightenment.
(1) Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar. This month is considered a month of mourning by the Shia (and many Sunni) Muslims due to the murder of the Grandson of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP), Imam Hussain (PBUH).
Muharram is so-called because it was the main month designated by the pre-Islam Arabs as a month where war was forbidden. They didn't usually follow their own rules and they even made an agreement where they would observe the law on year and the
The plural of Mujahid.
A person who does Jihad.
A Mujtahid is a very educated Muslim makes up his own ruling on the permissibility of an Islamic law but only for himself.
Fighter (not military).
A mu'min is a faithful and religious believer in Islam and its laws.
Mu'mineen is the plural of the word "Mu'min". It means '(devout) believers'.
(1) Possible, or Yes you can.
(2) Can I..., or Is is possible...
Excellent or brilliant.
Plural of hypocrite - Many hypocrites.
Munawarrah means light-filled. Al Madina al Munawarah in Saudi Arabia is the Light-filled city that Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP) emigrated to and it was called the light-filled city in honor of the Prophet coming to it. It was previously known as Yathrib.
(1) Doing munkar is doing an action associated with wrong-doing, evil-doing, sins, polytheism, disbelief, etc.
(2) Munkar is the name of one of two Angels (Munkar & Nakir) who question people in their graves. This is done while a person is in the state of barzakh.
Muqawama means active resistance against aggression.
Muraqabah comes from the word raqib, which means to follow, watch, keep tags-on.
A murtad is a person who leaves the religion (apostacy) and conspires against it.
Murtadha, sometimes spelt 'Murtaza', is a popular boy's name. It means agreeable.
Prophet Moses' name in Arabic.
Moses was sent to call Pharaoh (the ruler of Egypt) and his people to believe in the Oneness of Allah. He was strengthened by a number of miracles. Allah instructed Moses to throw down his staff which miraculously turned into a huge snake and swallowed all the snakes which the magicians of Pharaoh had made appear. Moses was also instructed to put his hand in his pocket, and it came forth radiantly white, without stain. The Pharaoh promised severe punishments to the followers of Moses. Moses was commanded to leave Egypt with his people (the Jews) by night. Moses's followers were to cross the Red Sea towards Sinai in a huge procession. They were reassured not to fear the Pharaoh, nor the sea, nor the vast unknown desert of Sinai into which they were venturing. They crossed the Red Sea - after Moses struck the sea with his miraculous staff and it split into dry passage - while the Pharaoh, who had pursued them with his troops, was overwhelmed by the sea and perished.
(1) Any Book, even ones that are not religious.
(2) A copy of the Quran. This is the most common meaning.
Polytheist, pagan, idolater, disbeliever in the Oneness of Allah, a person who worships others along with Allah, and also those who set up rivals with (or partners to) Allah.
Polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, those who worship others along with Allah, and also those who set up rivals with (or partners to) Allah.
Mushrikoon is the same as Mushrikeen.
The Arabic word for music is 'Museeqah'.span id=
(1) A follower of the religion of Islam.
(2) A person who submits their will to God and believes in Him.
A female follower of the religion of Islam.
Often the 'h' on the end of the word is not pronounced and it is therefore written as muslima as well.
A recommended form of worship or action. Doing a mustahab activity will be rewarded by Allah but not doing a Mustahab activity will not be considered sinful. E.g. Reading Quran daily.
Most mustahab acts have greater benefit/reward (thawab) than mandatory (wajib) activities.
Mustapha, sometimes spelt 'Mustafa', is a popular boy's name. It is one of Prophet Muhammed's (SAW) names. It means 'guided' as Muhammed is the guided one.
A pious and righteous person who fears Allah much (abstains from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden) and loves Allah much (performs all kinds of good deeds which Allah and his Messenger (SAW) have ordained).
Literally means "succession, consecutive." Islamically refers to hadith which is narrated by such a large number of people that it is impossible (Allahu Alim (God is all-knowing)) that they have invented a lie.Its conditions include:
(1) That it be narrated by a large number of people. Scholars differ about the actual number required
(2) That this number is found in every level of the isnaad
(3) That it is impossible that they could have gathered together upon a lie.
Pious and righteous persons who fear Allah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which Allah has forbidden) and love Allah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which Allah and his Messenger (SAW) have ordained).
A person who declares the singleness of God is known as a muwahid - a monotheist.
There is no direct Arabic word for 'my'. Instead, to identify something as a possesion of your own, you add an 'i' after the word.
For example, the sentence 'Hatha kelb' means 'This is a dog'. If the sentence is altered to 'Hatha kelbi' it means 'This is my dog'.
My Name Is ( ...اسمي)
"My Name is ..." is "Ismee ..." in Arabic.
It means fire but is usually used in referance to the fires of hell (Jahanam).
Naas is the plural of the word insan. Naas means 'people'.
Nafillah is the name given to a set of defined mustahab (recommended) prayers that precede the 5 wajib (obligatory) daily prayers. There is also a nafillah prayer that precedes the recommended tahujjud prayer, so effectively it is a mustahab prayer that becomes part of another mustahab prayer.
Soul or self.
Peak. Nahj usually comes in a sentance as part of the title of a famous book called Nahj al Balaghah - The Peak of Eloquence. This book contains beautifully worded sermons narrated by Imam Ali (AS).
Najah means success, and it has been used as a boy's name.
An impurity - something that will cause a person to become ritually impure and require some type of ritual wash to make the individual 'clean' again. For example, urine is a source of najasah. Urine is najis.
Ritually impure/unclean. eg. Blood and urine are najis.
Nakir is the name of one of the two Angels (Nakir & Munkar) who question a person in their graves when they die and they are in the state of Barzakh.
Namaz is the Urdu word for Prayer. It is used by a large number of non-Arabic speakers and even by people who do not speak Urdu. In Arabic, prayer is known as salat.
The Arabic word for 'name' is 'isim'.
A religiously themed song, much like a song of praise, but usually sung without any musical instruments accompanying the performance. Often background tone is derived from numerous people mimicking instruments by humming in tune.
Nasir means 'one who is victorious'. It is a popular boy's name.
Other forms and spellings of this word are Naseer, Naser and Nasser.
Naudhubillah (نعوذ با لله)
This phrase means 'We seek refuge in Allah (from evil)'. Without the n at the beginning it means 'I seek refuge in Allah (from evil)'. It is a short form of a longer phrase: Naudhubillah min al-Shaytan al-Rajeem - I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed Satan.
heedlessnes persons (persons who omit to do something ,e.g. through carelessness or forgetfulness)
Niah (or nia) means intention.
The Arabic word for nice is Hilloo.
The Arabic word for night is 'Layl'.
Nikkah means Marriage.
Another word is zawaj.
A piece of cloth that covers the face except the eye. It is an addition to the standard hijab and is mainly practiced by women in Saudia Arabia and those who follow the Wahabi beliefs.
Niyyah means 'intention'. If someone intends to do a good deed but his actions are cut short due to no fault of his/her own, then they still get the thawab (plus points) for it as if they had succeeded.
The English word 'No' in Arabic is 'La'.
Noah (PBUH) is a Prophetic name. The Arabic form of this name is Nuh (pronounced Nooh).
Gentleness, chastity (nobleness of mind, character or rank).
Light. Noor is also a popular girl's name.
Nuh (also spelt Nooh) (PBUH) is a Prophet of God known as Noah in English. His people continually disobeyed him and refused to worship God so He sent them a flood and killed the people in that valley. Nuh, his family (except for his son and wife) and some animals escaped the flood and were saved because God had instructed them to build an Ark.
Necessity by the law of Shari'a (required by law, rule, or custom; compulsory not optional.)
The Arabic word for 'one' is wahid.
Wronged people (who has governed harshly / treated with continual cruelty or injustice.)
Rhetoric (the art of using words impressively)
Ritually pure. (Tahir in Arabic).
Although it is an Urdu word it is used by all sorts of people who are not Arab. Even the Persians use this word. The first letter of the word is not native to the Arabic language, so it is usually replaced with the Arabic 'baa' letter. The true type version shown is with the person 'pe' letter.
Palestine is a country in the Middle East and is currently occupied by the illegal state of Israel. Arabs call this country philisteen.
The common English word used to refer to Jannah.
Particular Islamic customs
Special Islamic disciplines (special Islamic way of behaving or of doing something)
Partnership of Capital and Labo
A contract of co-partnership (be share with another or others in capital and labor).
The Arabic word for patience is sabr.
The Arabic word for peace is 'Salam'. Salam is also the Muslim greeting, like Hello.
Peace Be Upon Him
'Peace Be Upon Him' is an English phraze that is said as a sign of respect after mentioning a Prophet. Islam requires we love and respect all the Prophets and saying this after their name is one sign of reverance. The common acronym for this phraze is (PBUH).
fearing God, God wariness, abstinence (piousness)
The Arabic word for someone who has made pilgrimage (hajj) to Mekkah is 'hajji' if they are male, or 'hijjiyah' if they are female.
The Arabic shown is for hajji. The female form is حجيه
Visiting the holy places, visit (a journey made to a place as a mark of respect).
The Arabic word for pilgrimage is 'Hajj'.
Righteous, guardian against evil,ascetic (devout in religion, too virtuous, sanctimonious).
Virtuouses (who are too virtuous)
Imploring for help, supplication (make an appeal or entreaty, put forward as an excuse)
Please (من فظلك)
The Arabic word for power (strength) is 'quwah'.
Supplication (say prayers, to entreat).
There are two words for prayer in Arabic - they are different types of prayer:
The Arabic True Form shown is of the word Salat.
Altar, adytum (a small place in front part of mosque that the Imam stands there for prayer.)
Jurisprudence, lit. insight, divine law, canonical law [deep, intense understanding (the religious subjects, here), requiring much study or thought].
The Arabic word for Prophet is 'nabi'.
The Psalms are known as the 'Zaboor' in Arabic. They are a revelation from God given to Prophet Dawood (David) (PBUH).
Podium, minbar (a raised enclosed platform in a mosque.)
Divine chastisement, torture, torment, suffering (a penalty for an offense, being punished).
Retribution, reward, recompense (a penalty for an offence).
Penalties (a punishment for breaking a law, rule, or contract.)
The Arabic word for pure is 'safi' or 'tahir' depending on its usage.
state of purity, purification, ritual purity (pureness)
Qabeel, also spelt Qabil, is known as Cain in the bible, and he was the son of Prophet Adam (PBUH). He murdered his brother Habeel (Abel).
Old or ancient. In philosophy the word 'Qadeem' when talking about God means 'eternal'.
(1) Qadr means predestination, fate or destiny. In Islam it is a necessary belief to have that God knows the fate of all creatures. It is also believed that people's lives and actions are determined by God (to some extent). Most Muslims believe in a mixture of both fate and free-will for all creatures.
There is a Surah (Chapter) in the Quran that is known as Al-Qadr.
Qahar means Creator. Al-Qahar, The Creator, is one of the names of God.
A Qalam (pron. Qelem) is either a pen or pencil.
Qalam Hibir = Ink Pen.
Qalam Risas = Pencil.
Spoils of war, pillage, plunder, booty (profitable advantages of war)
Qareeb means close, related or soon.
The direction that Muslims pray - facing towards the Kaaba.
The Qiblah used to be Jerusalem (al-Quds) but was later changed to Prophet Muhammed's (PBUH&HP) birth place because Muhammed wished that from Allah and it was granted.
Fighting, battle or war.
The act of rising. Specifically, this refers to the Day of Judgement, where we shall all be raised - be resurrected.
Qudsi means holy, or pure. There are some reports from the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH&HP) where he relates to the people what God has said or did, but this information is not part of the Qur'an.
While the common factor between hadith qudsi and the Qur'an is that both contain words from Allah which have been revealed to Muhammad (PBUH&HP), the main points of difference between Qur'an and hadith qudsi are as follows:
Qunoot is raising the hands during prayer to the level of the mouth and making a short dua. This is usually done before the second ruk'a. It is a way to ask Allah for your needs directly inside of salat and it can be said in your native language - not just Arabic.
An Islamic scripture believed by Muslims to be God's (Allah's) revelation to the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP). It is believed to be the exact, unadulterated words of Allah. It is written in Arabic. The word quran is derived from the Arabic verb qaraa (to recite or to read). Commonly written as Koran or Qur'an.
The Qur'an is a Message from Allah to humanity. It was transmitted to us in a chain starting from the Almighty Himself, to the angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP). This message was given to the Prophet in pieces over a period spanning approximately 23 years (610 CE to 622 CE). The Prophet (PBUH&HP) was 40 years old when the Qur'an began to be revealed to him, and he was 63 when the revelation was completed. The language of the original message was Arabic, but it has been translated into many other languages.
Strength or power.
Lord or God. There are various spellings in English of this word but they all sound the same.
Lord or Deity.
Rabbi, pronounced 'rabbee', means 'My Lord'.
Radhiallahu Anhum (رضي الله عنهم
Radhiallah Anhum (plural) or Rathiallah Anh (singular) means 'May Allah be pleased with them (or him)'. It is often represented by the acronym (RA). It is added after the names of the sahabah (companions) and wives of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP) as a sign of respect.
Rahbar is a Farsi (Iranian/Persian) word meaning Leader.
Al Raheem is a name of God. It means Allah is merciful to the believers.
Rahma means mercy. One of the names of God is Al-Rahman - the Most Merciful.
Al Rahman is one of the names of God. It means merciful & beneficent to all His creations.
The word rajeem means accursed. Satan, the devil, is often called 'Al-Shaitan al-rajeem' as he is the accursed one.
A Rak'a is a single act of Ruku'. See Ruku.
Ramadhan is a special month in the Islamic calendar. During this month the Muslims refrain from eating and drinking during daylight hours (called fasting [sawm]) and they also seek to improve themselves by sinning less and praying more.
Ramadhan Mubarak (رمضان مبارك)
Ramadhan Mubarak is a common greeting phrase that Muslims say to each other during the holy month of Ramadhan. This is the month of fasting. The phrase means: Have a blessed month.
The release of a captive in return for payment demanded by the captors.
Rasool means Messenger. Prophet Muhammed (PBUH), amongst others, was a Messenger from Allah (God). A Messenger from Allah is a special type of Prophet as he brings a new book/scripture and law (sharia).
Rasoolollah (رسول الله)
Rasoolollah means 'Messenger of Allah (God)'. This is one of the titles of a Messenger Prophet - A Prophet who is sent with a Message (usually a scripture) is known as a Rasool (Messenger). You will often find this word in one line of the Adhan - the call to prayer: Ash-hadu ana Muhammadun Rasoolollah - I bear witness that Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah.
Rasulillah (رسول الله)
Stating on , based on reasons (use one's ability to think and draw conclusions).
Disobedience (open resistance to authority).
Investigation, to look after (counting up, reviewing the one actions for getting atone or be punished)
Retribution (repay or reward in return for actions).
Regulations of Islam
Islamic Law, Islamic commandments, Islamic ordinances, Islamic injunctions (Islamic rules or restrictions)
Authentic traditions (the traditions that is able to relied on).
Trust (in God), confidence (relying, trust or confidence).
The Arabic word for 'religion' is 'deen'.
Penitence, contrition (being regret about what one has done and does not do it again).
Attorneyship, procuration (a person chosen to represent another or others , or to take part in a legislative assembly on their behalf.).
Blessing (admiration felt towards a person or thing that has good qualities or achievements, showing respect for people's feelings, feel or show respect for.).
Sanctuary months (Months were given respect according to Islam that fighting is forbidden in them.).
Lex talionis, avenge for blood (repay an injury, attack, insult, etc.with a similar one.).
Rebellion, disobedience (take part in a rebellion, be in a mood of protest or defiance).
Ribba means 'interest'. Interest is when an individual gives more money back to the lender than originally borrowed. It is forbidden to take interest in Islam.
Person A needs a loan - say £20. He goes to person B and asks him for it. Person B lends him the money but seeks interest at 20% when the person pays him back later. Person A agrees and takes the £20 from B. A month later person A needs to pay back person B, so he gives him back his money (£20) as well as the interest (20% * £20 = £4); So in total he gave £24 to person B, and person B is £4 richer. This is called ribba and is not permitted in Islam.
The Arabic words for right are:
The Arabic shown is for (2).
Abstemious person (who do what is morally right/justifible.).
A journey or voyage.
A letter or statement. Some high-end scholars write statements that explain their teachings and ideas in general so that individuals can read them and decide whether to follow them (taqleed).
Rizq is earnings, profit or wealth.
Rooh means Soul.
The ruku' is a form of prostration done in prayer. It is like a half prostration. It is initiated from a standing upright position and it precedes the sujood (complete prostration). The person bends their body forward at the hip and with their outstretched arms they reach to place their hands on their knees. Some words are said "subhana rabbial adheema wa bihamdih" (Most glorious is the Mighty Lord and He is Merciful), then the act is complete and the person rises back to stand in the upright position.The ascii-art stick figure below represents this move. The forward slash represents the arms.
Saad is a letter of the Arabic alphabet. In words it sounds much like the English letter 's' but with more of a whistle sound. One of the Surahs (chapters) of the Quran is called Saad.
Sa'adah means happiness.
Sabah means morning. It is also used as a boy's name.
Sabah Al Khair (صباح الخير)
(1) A person who is waiting for something to happen is said to be sabir.
The person would only be described as saboor if he/she was patient most of the time, or it was a trait of their character.
The word saboor is used to describe someone who is often patient, or patient by nature
Charity for the sake of Allah - not the obligatory charity.
Charity. Often, sadaqah is given out of personal reasons to whomever the giver deems suitable, e.g. a local charity shop. Giving sadaqah is given irrespective of the compulsory taxes and doesn't count as zakat - zakat must be payed irrelevent of the amount spent in sadaqah.
Sadaqah Jariyah (صدقة جارية)
Sadaqah Jariyah means Continuous Alms/Charity. A continuous charity is an action that someone does that remains active even after the person is dead. For example, if a person digs a well then lots of people can use it and for a very long time - even after the person dies. It is a very effective type of charity that serves better than just giving money as the person who initiated the action will get thawab (plus points) even after he dies.
A popular slogan that explains the concept has been used by different charities in their advert. It goes something like this: "Give a man a fish and he can eat for a day, but give the man a boat and a net to catch fish with then he can feed himself and his family for a life-time."
Sadiq means truthful. It is a popular boy's name.
The word sa`eed, also incorrectly written 'sayeed', is a popular boys' name. It means happy.
Pure and clear from dirt. Usually this pronoun is applied to innanimate objects like water: Al Maa' al Safi - The pure water.
You may have been looking for the word 'Tahir'.
The sahabah (companions)(RA) are all the Muslims who ever met or saw the Prophet Muhammed (SAW). There were many hundreds of sahabah and they were all very different individuals, coming from all walks of life and varied from the least notable ignorant Bedouin to the most appreciated and respected of his devout followers.
One of the great misconceptions amongst Muslims is that all the sahabah were good people, but in reality a good deal of them were initially enemies of Islam and the Prophet and many had previously killed Muslims. It is necessary to remember that the sahabah are only human and they still continued to commit sins and some were hypocrites of varying degrees.
This (feminine) word means 'A book'. Sometimes use of this word is meant to refer to the Quran, but it could be any book.
The usual word for book is kitab.
Sahib means Friend. It has been used as a boy's name.
Sound/correct/authentic. Used mainly to refer to hadiths and/or the books they were written in.
A Sahra` is a desert.
Saif means sword, and it is a popular boy's name since it refers to titles of certain special people and their bravery in battle. One person to which the name is attributable is Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) who used a double-pronged sword called thul-fiqar. Ali was titled saif-ullah (Sword of God) by Prophet Muhammed (SAW). Another person the name could fall upon is Khalid bin Waleed, but the title Saif-ullah was given to him by Abu Bakr, the first Khalif (leader) after Muhammed (SAW).
Sajdeh (put forehead on soil)
prostration, adoration (Sajdah is the act of prostration in the Salat, when seven portions of the body touch the earth: the forehead on pure ground, two palms, two knees, and the two big toes. The two Sajdahs together are called sajdatain. ,face downwards)
The word ٍٍSajid means 'prostrated (in worshipping God)'. It is a popular boy's name.
A variation of this name is sajjad.
Sajjad means '(One who) prostrates (in worshipping God)'. It is a popular boy's name.
A variation of this name is Sajid.
Salam means "Peace". It's like saying 'Hi!' - It is the most shortened version of the Islamic greeting (Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh) and originates from the hebrew greeting 'Shalom'.
Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet Muhammed (pbuh) said: "Allah created Adam from dust after He mixed the clay and left him for some time until it became sticky mud, after which Allah shaped him. After that Allah left him till it became like potter's clay [a sounding clay]. Iblis used to go past him saying 'You have been created for a great purpose.' After that Allah breathed His spirit into him. The first thing into which the spirit passed was his eye and then his nose. He [Adam] sneezed. Allah said: "May your Lord have mercy upon you, O Adam! Go to those angels and see what they would say.' So Adam went and greeted them. they replied saying: "Peace be upon you and the mercy and blessings of Allah." Allah said: "O Adam! This is your greeting and that of your offspring." (Sahih Bukhari).
Prayer. Usually refering to the 5 daily obligatory prayers.
Salawat is a name given to a popular Islamic phrase. So a person would say 'salawat' aloud in a congregation and they would all say together "Allahuma Salli ala Muhammed wa ala aali Muhammed" (SAW), which means "May Allah send His praise upon Muhammed and upon the Family of Muhammed". This phrase is a type of prayer (dua).
Salih (PBUH) was a Prophet who was mistreated by his people. Allah brought his people a miraculous camel but they broke an agreement not to harm it and they slaughtered the animal. Because of this transgression and other rules they broke, they were destroyed by God.
Salih means rightous, and it is a popular boy's name.
Sallalahu Alayhi Wa Aale Wa Salam (صلى الله عليه و سلم)
This phrase is often added after mentioning the name of Prophet Muhammed. It is often represented by the acronym (SAWW) or one of its variants. It means 'Allah`s praise and peace be upon him and his Ahlulbayte', and it is a means of respect.
Salman is a popular boy's name. Salman al Farsi (RA) was a very respectable companion of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP).span id=
Greeting, peace , All Peaceable ( Allah's name), (a word or gesture of greeting; an expression of respect.
Redemption (saving the soul from sin).
Sky or heaven.
Skys or heavens.
In the Quran the spelling of this word is different to modern Arabic. In the Quran The Heavens appears like so: السموت
The Arabic word for sand is ramul.
Sarah is a very popular girls' name. Sarah (RA) is the name of Prophet Abraham's (PBUH) first wife.
The Arabic word for satan is 'Shaitan'.
Sawm is fasting (refraining from eating, drinking & sex). Fasting during the Holy Islamic month of Ramadhan is one of the 5 pillars of Islam. Muslims fast every day in that month from dawn till dusk - effectively ~15 hours - and is not as difficult as people think. After dusk they can eat, drink and have relations.
Fasting isn't just refraining from food and drink. The purpose of fasting is more spiritual than physical and it is a means of devotion to God as well as self-discipline. Fasting purifies and trains the body and soul together. The Quran speaks about fasting:
[2.183] O you who believe! fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those before you, so that you may guard (against evil).
(1) Sayed means Master or Mr (Mister). Sayed Ali means Mr Ali in most cases.
(2)It is a noble title as most people who have that title before their name are usually religiously educated or rich (or both).
(3) The word sayed is also used as a boy's name. (4) A person is the descendant of Prophet Muhammed (pbuh&hp) through his daughter Fatimah (PBUH).
Bad or not good.
Means 'Our Master'. The na on the end attributes the word master to one's-self.
The Arabic word for Sea is Bahar.
The Independent One (Allah's name), (able to provide what one needs without help.)
self-subsisting, The Eternal (existing always without beginning or end, unchanging, not affected by time)
Meanings, Graces ( meaning and connotation in language; of semantics., the branch of linguistics concerned with meanings.)
Admonition, exhortation, preaching ( a talk on a religious or moral subject, especially one delivered during a religious service.)
The Shahadah is a special sentance: La illaha ila Allah wa Muhammadun rasoolollah (There is no (other) Lord except Allah and Muhammed is the Messenger of Allah. This phrase must be pronounced aloud infront of witnesses in order for someone to be initiated as a new Muslim.
Shahid means 'witness', a person who has or is watching/seeing something. It is a common boy's name.
A devil; a helper or aid to Iblees (Satan) or his cause - whether they be human or jinn.
Thankful (to Allah).
Shalom is the greeting word of the Jews. Muslims use an arabic variation of that word to greet each other - Salam. It means Peace.
Shams means Sun. It is also a popular girl's name.
Islamic law, religious law, divine law ( according to Islamic law)
(1) A Man over 40 years old generally, or
(2) A Muslim who is a student of knowledge. Even a new Muslim can be called a Sheikh if he is diligent in seeking the knowledge of Islam based upon Quran and authentic Traditions. He is a Sheikh to those he can teach.
(3) Usually a person is known as a Sheikh when they have completed their undergraduate university studies in Islamic studies and are trained in giving lectures.
The word Sheikh is not to be confused with an Alim (person of knowledge).span id=
Associate or partner.
Healing, treatment, or cure.
Shireer means 'wicked' or 'evil'. It is used like so: 'Innahu Shireer' - He is wicked.
Sho'aib is the name of a Prophet (PBUH). It is a popular boy's name and is also spelt 'Shuayb'.
Prophet Sho'aib was sent to the Midianite people and preached to them about God's oneness and to be fair and just to each other and not cheat in trade but they rejected him and his advice so God punished the Midianites with a deadly earthquake.
Brave or courageous.
Shame (a painful mental feeling aroused by a sense of having done something wrong or ridiculous.)
Siddeeq (also written Sidiq) means Truthful.
Siddeeqah (also written siddiqah) is the feminine form of the word Siddiq. It means Truthful.
The number Zero (0) is called Sifr in Arabic.
Path or road.
In the Quran, Allah (God) gives us a Surah (Chapter) to recite every day in our prayers. It is called Al-Fatiha, the opening chapter and it mentions the spiritual sirat.
The Arabic word for sister is 'ukhut'. Muslims call Muslim women sisters as the Muslims are like a large family.span id=
The Arabic word for sky is 'samaa'.
Sacrificing, ritually slaughtered (the killing of some of animals for food by respecting Shari'a law).
The Arabic word for slave is 'abd'.
A person who is from the country of Somalia.
The Arabic word for the country of Syria.
The Arabic word for sorry is either '`afwen' or 'Al-`afoo'.
The Arabic shown is for `afwen.
The Arabic word for soul is 'rooh'.
Broad capacity (to expand soul that can understand the other divine worlds.).
Sermons, Orations ( a long speech, especially of a ceremonial kind)
The Arabic word for star is 'najm' (stars) or (singular) 'najmah'.
The true-form shown is for najmah.
The Arabic word for strength is quwah.span id=
Subhana Rabial Aala (سبحان ربي اللأعلى)
This phrase is said during the 5 daily prayers in the sujood action. When a worshipper places their head on the earth they say this phrase before they rise back to the sitting position. The meaning of the phrase is '(Most) glorious is the Highest Lord'.
Most glorious. Used in referance to Allah (God) in the phraze: Allah subhanah wa tala. Also written subhanahu.
Subhanahu Wa Taala (سبحانه و تعالى)
This phraze means 'Pure is He and He is exalted' and it is placed after the name of God like so: Allah (SWT), as a sign of reverence. It is often written as an acronym like so (SWT).
Subhanallah (سبحان الله)
Glory be to Allah (God).
The Exalted, transcendental (of the most exalted, noble, or impressive kind, extreme, lofty).
humility, prostration, act of humility (being submitted, being submissive, obedience)
The Suhur is a light meal eaten before daybreak during the month of Ramadhan. The Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP) recommended the believers to observe the suhur, to wake up before the commencing of fasting and eat and drink to put them in good stead to successfully complete the day's fast. If a Muslim misses the suhur, he or she must still fast that day regardless.span id=
The act of bowing down to Allah in worship. It is a necessary act during salat (worship). The hands, knees, feet and the forehead touch the ground.
Sulaiman (PBUH) is a Prophet of God, known as Solomon in English. Sulaiman is a popular boy's name.
The Arabic word for sun is Shams.
The Sunnah is the ways, teachings and activities of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP)and 12 Imams(PBUT). Muslims should emulate the sunnah of them to be good Muslims.span id=
Virtue, merit (to be in higher position or rank, to be better or greater in some way; of higher quality.)
Supplication is 'Dua' in Arabic. This is a form of prayer where an individual opens their hands palms-up infront of them and recites either a written (memorized) or personal prayer to God.
(1) See Surah.
The Arabic form shown is for meaning (1), but the spelling of meaning (2) is like so: صوره
A Surah is a chapter of the Quran but it is different to what you may understand chapters to be like in normal books. There are 114 surahs in the Quran and they range from being 3 verses to 286 verses in length.
Provision (the process of sustaining life by food, food, nourishment).
The Arabic word for sweet (nice) is Hilloo. The candy type of sweet is known as Hallawah.
The Arabic shown is for the nice type of sweet.
Syahm (or siam) is the same as 'sawm'. See Sawm.
Official Name: Syrian Arab Republic.
Most high. Used in referance to Allah (God) in the phraze: Allah subhanah wa taala.
Uniting and working together as a group.
The word tabbat means 'perished' or 'destroyed'.
A certain incident occurred during the life of Prophet Muhammed (PBUH&HP) about 3 years after first receiving revelations from the Angel Gabriel (AS). Muhammed was commanded by God to proclaim the message of Islam publicly, so he walked up a nearby hill near the houses of the Quraish tribe in Mecca and called out to all the people to come.
A tabeeb is a doctor or physician. Arabs call dentists and vets tabeeb too.
Tabeeb bashary = medical doctor;
Tabi'een means 'followers'.
(1) (Verb) Explaining and understanding a situation or text.
(2) (Noun) A commentary or explanation of something. Usually, the tafseer (commentary) is of the Qur'an or a verse of the Qur'an.
Tahajjud is the name of a highly mustahab (recommended) prayer that is performed during the night, before the fajr (morning) prayers. This prayer is often called salat al-layl (the night prayer). In Asian countries this prayer is called namaz al-shab.
Ritual purity. The word taharah is derived from the word tahir. Example of use: He was in the state of taharah.
pure/clean/untouched. It is used to refer to that which is ritually pure. It is also a name used for males.
Tajweed is either the act of reciting or the actual medium of a special type of recitation of the Quran. It is a beautiful recitation method that employs all the diacritics and rules of recitation in lengthening, shortening and altering sounds of letters so that it results in a wonderful sounding recitation of the Quran. It takes a long time to complete the Quran with proper tajweed and great skill to do it well.
Takalam is an order for someone to speak. Takalami is the feminine form used when speaking to a woman.
Takbeer is saying 'Allah Akbar' - Allah (God) is the Greatest.
The action of claiming a person or a group are kafir.
Student or someone who requests a thing. E.g. Talibul Ilm, means Requester of Knowledge.
Dates (fruit of the date palm).
Dissimulation - to conceal, partially conceal or disguise one's true feelings, beliefs or information when there is threat of death or serious harm and when there is a threat of great evil.
Taqleed means 'emulation' or 'copying' another individual. In Islam, Muslims do taqleed of a scholar who they believe preaches the correct thing in fiqh (jurisprudence - religious law). They do this by following his opinions concerning fiqh issues.
Taqwa is a concept in Islam that is interpreted by some Islamic Scholars as God consciousness. It has many further understandings and interpretations. Taqwa may mean piousness, fear of Allah, love for Allah, and self restraint.
Having Taqwa allows a person to be constantly aware of both God's presence and attributes and a reminder of their relationship and responsibility to God as His creation and servant. The scholars explain that the way to taqwa is through obedience of God, avoiding disobedience, and striving to stay away from doubtful matters.
This is a prayer that is done by Ahlul Sunnah (Sunni Muslims) during the month of Ramadhan and it is done after the isha prayers and before fajr prayers. It is a voluntary deed of worship.
optional evening prayer in Ramadan in Sunni school
Torah. This is the first 5 chapters/books (Pentateuch - Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy) of the Old Testament and it was revealed to Prophet Moses (AS).
The circumfering of the Ka'bah seven times. People usually do this during umrah or hajj.
The act of relying upon something or someone - to place faith or confidence in Allah (usually).
Confirming the Oneness of Allah. It is the basis of Islam.
Tayammum is done when there is no water to perform the usual Islamic rites, or there is difficulties concerning the water. Tayammum is done using dust when there is no water for ablution (wudhu) or ghusl (ritual wash).
[Quran 5.6] O you who believe! when you rise up to prayer, wash your faces and your hands as far as the elbows, and wipe your heads and your feet to the ankles; and if you are under an obligation to perform a total ablution, then wash (yourselves) and if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you come from the privy, or you have touched the women, and you cannot find water, betake yourselves to pure earth and wipe your faces and your hands therewith, Allah does not desire to put on you any difficulty, but He wishes to purify you and that He may complete His favor on you, so that you may be grateful.
The Arabic word for teacher is 'mu`alim'.
The Arabic word for terrorism is Irhab.
The Arabic word for test is imtihan.span id=
A tha'leb is a fox.
This word means 'second' or 'another'.
Also see 'first': Awal;
Thank You (شكراً)
Thank you is 'Shukran' in Arabic.
See Thank you.
When a good action or form of worship is done for the sake of God, you get positive points. These points are known as thawab. If you have more positive points (thawab) than negative points (ithim), then you enter heaven. If not, you enter hell. If your thawab and ithim are equal then you will be in limbo.
Robe or dress.
the civil and penal laws of human society
Law dealing with the private rights of citizens, not with crime.
the commands regulating actions
orders or restrictions for controlling persons
The discussion of generalities and particularities
the discussion of specialties and commonest ( In this discussion a law is expressed as general and then the exclusions will be explained.)
The discussion of imperatives
The discussion of injunctions or religious commands (There are many verses in Holy Quran or discussions in narrations as commands or orders that who know the knowledge of " Osul" should answer them clearly. the discussion of essential or obligatory something ).
The discussion of negative imperatives
The discussion of religious injunctions (It is another discussion of the knowledge of Osul which shows that the negative imperatives are forbidden or undesirable ....)
The discussion of tacit meanings
The discussion of concepts (the discussion of understanding without being put into words)
The discussion of the abrogate and the abrogated
The discussion of abrogating and abrogated or cancelled (something has been cancelled, There have been commands in Quran and Sunnah as temporally but they have been abrogated due to coming another commands.)
The discussion of the abstract and the clear explained
the discussion of manifest , clear, plain and brief, summary, compendium (discussion of something that express ideas briefly but there are some discussions that explain them clearly)
The discussion of unconditional and conditional
the discussion of independent and dependent (this discussion explains conditions that burdened person should make them)
The laws and issues of actions
The regulations or ordinances of deeds (religious rite, rules made by religious authority)
The missed prayer
the lapsed prayer (The prayer has been failed by forgetfulness, weakness or passing its time.)
The prayer of special signs (e.g. earthquakes)
The prayer that is prayed when special divine signs happen.
The prayer of the circumambulation of the Ka'bah
The religious circumambulation prayer
The prayer offered at the right time
The timely accomplishment prayer (The prayer that has been done on time.)
The Principle of Option
the principles of authority, choice (It is a principle which is used when a person is free for choosing one of two things. )
The Principle of Precaution
the principles of Reservation (When there is doubt about doing something and there is not clear law- usually it is between the laws that include the minor and do our duty completely. major numbers of deeds such as reading of TASBIHAT- ARBAE,so we should.)
the principles for application
the principles for practicable matters (the principles that explain how to put the religious rules to practical use)
the principles for deducing
the principles for inference, presumption (the principles that have been extracted of different sources for deducing a law is true or not.)
The Principles of Exemption
the principle of acquaintance release (When there is doubt about something , we should make ourselves exemption of remained duty.)
The study of the biography of the Transmitters
The study of the biography of the Transmitters of traditions
The study of the Transmitters
The study of the biography of the Transferor of traditions
Divine Matters (It is a science that explains different aspects of divine matters especially Osool-e-Din)
Three (3) is thalathah in Arabic.
Thulfiqar is the name of the sword Imam Ali (PBUH) used to fight the infidels with. It was crafted in a speacial and different way to other swords that it had two points (tongues) at it's end.
The English word 'to' can have multiple uses and is especially fluid in use. In Arabic different words are used to represent it within a sentence based on how the sentence is worded and its meaning.
The Arabic true-from shown is the word 'ila'.
To bounty (to present as a gift, to give a reward or payment as an inducement).
To pay tax alms
Alms giving [The word zakat is derived from an Arabic word ‘Zaka’ meaning “purification." It is one of the pillars of Islam. Zakat is an obligatory tax levied by Allah on the wealthy members of the Muslim community so as to take surplus wealth from them and give it to the destitute. Quran emphasizes the fulfillment of the divine formula of Zakat:“Keep up the prayer and pay the poor rate.” (Baqara 2:110) Zakat is the backbone of the economic system of Islam. It is for the welfare of the unprivileged. Zakat is the blessing of God for the giver as well as for the receiver, as it improves the economy of the nation. Zakat establishes a society on a humanitarian ground.]
The Arabic word for tongue is 'Lisan'.span id=
Toonis (or Tunis) is the Arabic name for the country of Tunisia.
Divine chastisement, torment, suffering [When a person violate the law of God, that God brings punishment which is called torture. He who created life and death, that He may test which of you is best in deed. He is the mighty, the forgiving." (Quran 67:2) "No one can die except by God's permission, the terms being fixed as by writing." (Quran 3:145) Life is sacred. "Do not take the life which God has made sacred except in (the course of) justice." (Quran 6:151)]
Calamities (subject to great pain or anxiety, force out of its natural position or shape).
Transgressor, reprobate, impious
A reprobate, a sinner, evil doer, sinner (sinner, a person who breaks Islamic law).
The study of the biography of the Transferor of traditions.
Test, temptation (an examination in Allah's court to decide on the levels of believes of persons.)
true (full of trust or confidence)
Honesty, Trusteeship, deposit (property legally entrusted to a person with instructions to use it for another's benefit or for a specific )
The Arabic word for try is 'hawil'.span id=
A small earthen/clay tablet that is often moulded into a square or circular shape. Mainly Shia Muslims place their heads on this in sujood (prostration).
The name of a mountain outside of Madinah. It was the setting of the second war between the Muslims and the pagan tribe of Quraish in 3 A.H. The Muslims lost this war.
Means 'my sister'. The 'i' on the end changes the attributes of the word ukhut (sister) to be yours.
Means sister. Often the word is appended with an 'i' to be ukhti which means 'my sister'.
Many Alims (Muslim scholars).
Ulema is the plural of Alim.
Ulil Azim (أولو العزم)
The phrase "Ulil Azim" roughly translates to The Foremost in Resoluteness, and it is used to describe the five greatest Messengers, Prophets of God: Noah - Abraham - Moses - Jesus - Muhammed (PBUT).
In Islamic history, Umar bin Al Khatab is one of the best known companions of Prophet Muhammed (SAW). Umar became the second Khalif (leader) after the death of the Prophet. Many other famous people in history have been known by the name Umar. Umar is a very popular boy's name, sometimes written Omar.
(1) Umm means Mother or 'Mother of ...'. For example, 'Umm Ahmed' means Mother of Ahmed. In Arab countries most people are called Umm X, (where X is the name of the first son or daughter,) by people who know them, instead of their official name.
Umm Kulthoom was the nickname of one of the daughters of Imam Ali (AS), the Prophet Muhammed's (SAW) cousin.
Umm Abiha (ام ابيها)
'The mother of her father'. Prophet Muhammed (SAW) titled his daughter Fatimah (AS) this because she looked after him and cared for him so much.
An ummah is a community or a people. It is used in reference to the community of Believers or Muslims across the globe because they are brothers and sisters in Islam.
(1) Unlettered or illiterate.
(2) Or, an alternative view, the word ummi refers to 'Umm al-Qura', another name the holy City of Makkah is known for. The 'Ummi Prophet' means the Prophet is a citizen of Umm al-Qura.
Umrah is an Islamic ritual that is performed at Mecca anytime of the year. It is an optional ritual that is like Hajj. It includes Tawaf 7 times around the Ka`bah and walking 7 times between the hills of Safa and Marwah.
vow,offering,oblation, dedication (promise to Allah to do something due to granting a prayer)
contract, one sided (done by or affecting one person or group or country etc. and not another)
Urdu is a language spoken by people in many countries in Asia, especially in India and Pakistan.
This word means Teacher. Another word that means teacher is mualim
Usury (lending of money at excessively high interest)
the lending of money at excessively high interest
The Arabic word for usury is Ribaa.
Uthman is a popular boys name. Uthman bin Affan was a companion of Prophet Muhammed (SAW) and became the 3rd khalif (leader of the Muslims) after the death of the Prophet. He was later murdered by unknown assailants and this triggered a troubling set of developments in history.
Exegesis of divine law on matters of theology and law, striving hard [expansion of the Islamic sciences. By practicing ijtihad, a mujtahid deduces the ahkam (laws) of the Shari'a for issues and problems regarding which there is no specific express text (nass), by relying on legal sources and principles and by benefiting from the ideas of other mujtahidun.]
Uzair (Ezra in English) is a Prophet of God. He was sent to the Jews to re-write the bible for them, and to re-guide them to path of righteousness.
The English word 'veil' is correctly identified as the headscarf, the hijab in Arabic.
Religious injunction or commandments, judgment, Divine law or command (the decision reached by a jury, a decision or opinion given after examining, testing, or experiencing).
A verse (often of the Quran) is know as an 'Ayah' in Arabic.
Calumny, libel (say evil things about).
The Arabic word for virgin is '`adhra`'. The mother of Christ (AS),(PBUH), is called Maryam al-`adhra` - The Virgin Mary.
Virtuous, those who guard (against evil)
God fearing,...(having or showing moral virtue)
(1) "And", eg. wa lillah mulk al samawat (And with Allah is the ownership of the heavens)
(2) "By", eg. wa-llah ([I swear] by Allah)
Wa Alaikum Assalam (و عليكم السلام)
When a Muslim is greeted with the word 'salam' or its variants, they should reply Wa Alaikum as-Salam - And upon you be peace.
A deep ditch formed by erosion.
Wadood means loving. One of God's names is 'Al-Wadood' - The Loving (God).
The death or passing-away of someone. For example people will use this word like: 'Today is the wafat of Prophet Muhammed (SAW)'.
The common word for death is mawt.
(1) The numerical value of one (1).
(2) A person.
Obligatory, necessary, mandatory.
Leader, friend, protector, guardian, supporter, helper, etc. It is a general word that changes meaning depending on the sentance or situation.
A marriage banquet at the wedding reception.
Waliyullah (ولي الله)
Wallah or Wallahi means '(I swear) by Allah'. It is used to affirm the conviction of being truthful.
The Arabic word for war is 'harb'.
Flower. This word has been used as a girl's name.
The Arabic word for washing is 'ghusl'.
A written will or testament.
Nation or country.
If i is added to the end of the word it becomes watani which means My Country.
The Arabic word for water is Ma'.
The word wayyak can be used to warn people in a precautionary manner. It can mean 'be careful of' or it can be used in a more aggressive tone to mean '(may) Woe be unto you (if)...'.
The Arabic word for wedding is '`iris'.
(1) The value of 1 (one) in Arabic. (feminine)
(2) A (female) person.
The Arabic word for 'where' is 'aina'.
The 'a' on the end is a diacritic.
The English word 'white' is abyadh in Arabic
The Arabic word for 'why' is 'limadha'.
Birth or birthday.
Testaments (written directions made by a person for the disposal of his or her property after death).
The words and ideas that the Shaitans whisper into a person's heart to tempt them to do sinful things.
The word wiswas is found in the Quran in Surat Al Naas (The People).
example [a person who sees or hears something, a person who gives evidence in a law court, -verb- be a witness at or of; sign( a document) as a witness]
The plural English word 'wives' is 'zawjat' in Arabic.
The Arabic word for women is 'nisaa'.
The Arabic word for world is '`alem'.
The Arabic word for worship is 'Ibadah'. The Arabic word for prayer is 'Salat'.
Devout (a person who pay respect to Allah, a person who pay worship to Allah.).
Worthy, Good work
Righteous, good deeder, wholesome deed (having great merit).
Hypocrite (a person who acts illegally or immorally, a person whose acts and thoughts are different.).
Void, invalid (contrary to what is fair,just or legal).
Wudhu is known as 'ablution' in English. Wudhu is a ceremonial act of washing and wiping the hands, face, arms, head and feet before praying or touching the text of the Quran. Without wudhu those activities would be void and unlawful.
In the Name of Allah, Most Gracious, Most Merciful
The word 'Ya' is often followed by another word like Allah, so 'Ya Allah' means 'O God'. Ya can also mean 'you'.
Ya Allah (يا الله)
O` Lord or O` God. This phraze is uttered when praying in supplication to Allah, amongst other things.
Yahya( یحیی )
Prophet Yahya (PBUH), or John the Baptist is one of the Prophets of Islam. He was the son of Prophet Zackariah (PBUH), maternal cousin to Mariam (PBUH), and cousin to Prophet Isa (PBUH). He paved the way for Prophet Isa (Jesus) and also baptized him.
Right - as in the direction.
Yantasiroon comes from the word nasr which means victory. Yantasiroon means 'They (shall) have victory (over)'. An example of its usage is 'Innal mu'mineena sawfa yantasiroona ala qawmi-dhalimeen' - The believers shall have victory over the oppressive nation.
Certainty or doubtless conviction.
Jacob (in English), son of Isaac (Ishaq), the Prophet, was also called Israel which means "Servant of Allah." His grandparents, Abraham and Sarah, were given the tidings of his piety and prophethood. Jacob was the father of Joseph (Yusuf). His 12 sons became the progenitors of the tribes of Israel.
Yarhamakallah (يرحمك الله)
Yarhamakallah is a phrase meaning '(may) Allah be gracious towards you'.
The old name of the city of Madinah, Saudia Arabia. When the Prophet Muhammed (SAW) went on the Hijrah (emigration from Mecca) to Yathrib, he arrived there and it was renamed Madinah Al Munawarah - The light-filled city - in his honor.
Yawm Al Qiyamah (يوم القيامه)
The day of resurrection. This is Judgement day.
To covet (be filled with great longing)
The Arabic word for 'yes' is na'am.
The Arabic word for 'you' is 'anta'.
Jonah in English. He was Allah's messenger to the people of Ninawa to invite them to the worship of the Only True God.
When they rejected him, he threatened them that punishment would come within three nights. Out of fear of being punished they believed in Allah. Jonah departed his people and later was on board of a sinking ship. After casting lots three times, Jonah was chosen to be thrown in the sea. He was swallowed by a great whale and was disgorged unharmed three days later. He was then sent to more than 100,000 persons calling them to the worship of Allah.
Joseph in English. He was the favorite son of Jacob.
Once in a dream he saw eleven stars and the sun and the moon all bowing down to him. He went to his father and told him about his dream. He was happy, but advised his son not to tell his step brothers about that dream. The brothers envied Joseph for his father loved him much more than any of them. They plotted to throw him in a well, and told his father that he had been killed by a wolf. Then, he was picked up by caravans who sold him to the rich Egyptian for a low price. The Egyptian took care of Joseph, but later Joseph was imprisoned. Later, Joseph was released from prison and was appointed administrator of Egypt's grain storehouses which he managed wisely during the years of famine. During this period, Joseph's brothers came to Egypt seeking grain. Joseph made himself known to them and asked them to bring their family, including his father, to Egypt. They came and bowed down to him as a fulfillment of his first dream.
The Zaboor is the Arabic word for the original Psalms scripture revealed to Prophet David (Dawood) (PBUH).
Luminous. Often the word zahraa is attributed to the daughter of Prophet Mohammed (PBUH&HP), Fatima (PBUH). It is a popular girl's name.
Zain means good or best. It is also a boys' name.
Zainab is an old Arab name. It is a very popular girl's name.
(1) Derived from the word zakat, it is a descriptive word meaning pure or purified.
(2) A descriptive word meaning 'sweet/pure/clean smelling'.
Zam Zam (زمزم)
Zam Zam is a the name of a sacred water well in Makkah. People who do Hajj drink from the water of this blessed well.
Companion or friend.
See Zam Zam.
One who has commited Zina - The act of commiting adultary (if married), or fornication (unmarried).
Zaqqum is a type of tree that grows in hell. It's fruit (A-dhari) resembles the heads of devils and its taste is very bitter. The sinners of hell will be in constant hunger and feel compelled to eat from the fruit which tastes horrible and will boil their bellies like boiling water.
The Holy Quran, Surah 44 (The Smoke)
[44.43] Surely the tree of the Zaqqum,
Zawaj means marriage. It is another word for Nikkah.
A beautiful ornament or decoration, but the word usually refers to jewellry or the beauty of a woman. It is a common name for a girl.
Also spelt Xena, Zena.
The number Zero (0) is called Sifr in Arabic.
The act of commiting adultary (if married), or fornication (unmarried).