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The word aal means kinsfolk or family. For example, Aali Mohammed(PBUH&HP) means the family of Mohammed.
A 'amil is a worker.
Aauzu (better spelt a`udhu) is used in popular Islamic phrases like a`udhu billah minashaitanir rajeem. The word is translated to mean 'I seek refuge', or 'I seek protection'.
Ab or Abb means Father.
The `Abayah is a long cloak that women wear. Depending on how it is worn and how long it is, it suffices as a suitable hijab and dress on its own if it covers the head (except the face) and the body (except the hands) properly.
Servant/Slave. eg. the name Abdullah means servant of Allah.
The name Abdullah means servant of Allah. It was the name of the Prophet Muhammed's (PBUH&HP) father.
Abel is one of the sons of Prophet Adam (PBUH). He is known as Habeel in Arabic. His brother was called Cain (Qabeel).
Abiha (pronounced Abeeha), means "Her Father". Fatima (PBUH), the daughter of the Prophet Mohammed (PBUH&HP), was nicknamed Umm Abiha (Her father's Mother) by him because she used to care about and look after him so much.
Ablution is an English word that means 'washing or wiping parts of the body with water as part of a religious rite'. The Arabic word for this is Wudhu`. Wudhu` is a rite done to prepare for prayer or reading the Quran, or to remain in the state of purity.
Ablution(washing before the Pray):
ritual ablution (a spiritual wash of the face and hands before Salat ,Ablution is obligatory and performed before prayer, wudū)
filth, sin (is something that is not clean, najis)
Prophet Abraham, he is one of the closest Prophets to Allah.
Abraham was the "Close One to Allah" Who preferred him over many others and selected him to be a messenger. Though brought up in a pagan community that worshiped idols, Abraham refused to do so and realized that there must be a greater god of the universe. Allah guided him to the right path and revealed His message to him. He then directed his mission to his people, and called on them to renounce idolatry. He was answered with stubborn refusals. They plotted against him but their schemes were in vain, for Allah, the Almighty, provided support and protection to His servant and prophet, Abraham. Abraham was the forefather of a line of prophets through his two sons Ishmael and Isaac. It was Abraham who began the construction of the Ka`bah with the help of his son Ishmael.
abstinence (abstention from some foods)
(1) Abu means Father or 'Father of ...'. For example, 'Abu Ahmed' means Father of Ahmed. In Arab countries most people are called Abu X, (where X is the name of the first son or daughter,) by people who know them, instead of their official name.
Abu Huraira (RA) is one of the most well known Hadith transmitters and Sahabah. He has transmitted an incredible number of hadiths.
Abu Bakr (أبو بكر)
Abu Bakr is the name of one of the most famous Sahabah (companions of Prophet Muhammed) and he became the first Khalif (leader) after the death of the Prophet (SAW).
Abu Talib (أبو طالب)
Abu Talib (RA) is the most famous uncle of Prophet Muhammed (SAW), and is the father of Imam Ali (AS), the Prophet's cousin. Abu Talib adopted Muhammed in youth when his granddad (Abdul Mutalib) died, and he continued to protect him from his (the Prophet's) enemies. Abu Talib (RA) continued to protect the Prophet until he died. Sunnis and Shia debate on whether or not he died a Muslim.
Acknowledgement of one's deeds
Affirmation [affirmation of one's sins (deeds)]
Acquired unanimity (who have been with the infallibles and used their deeds as reference for their deeds.)
Islamic Manners. These are derived from Sunnah, but are usually taught by the parents. If someone's manners are bad, it is probably the fault of the parents.
The name of the first man on Earth and the first Prophet. It is also a commonly used Muslim name.
`adhab means punishment or torture.
The call to prayer, recited before prayers commence. It is done to make people aware that the salat (prayers) are about to begin. There are variations in the call to prayer in each of the sects and madhhabs.
Virgin. The mother of Christ (AS),(PBUH), is called Maryam al-`adhra` - The Virgin Mary.
Adil is a popular boy's name. The word means 'fair' or 'just'.
Many supplication and Invocations to Allah - asking favours to Him.
Fairness and Justness. A person who has these characteristics is known as an 'adil' person. Adil is a popular boy's name.
to warn, to advise (to give advice or counsel)
warning (advice, counsel)
prostration (the act of prostration in the Salat, when seven portions of the body touch the earth: the forehead on pure ground, two palms, two knees, and the two big toes. The two Sajdahs together are called sajdatain.)
Adyan is the plural of deen (religion).
Affectionate, Compassionate, Kind, Merciful
kind (to have kindness to othersو showing affection)
`Afwen means sorry. Another word for sorry is 'Al-`afoo'.
The Arabic shown is for `afwen.
A science that explaines the virtues of ethics.
The Arabic word for age is 'Umur'.
Contract of farm letting (leasing the land and receiving part of its products in return)
One. Often this word is used in reference to the oneness of Allah (God).
Laws or orders. There are six types in Islam:
Most clerics and teachers will only state the first 5 of the laws. The sixth one is essential because it asserts the fact that some things are ambiguous and doesn't neccessarily.
Ahlan Wa Sahlan (اهلاً و سهلاً)
This is a phrase used in welcoming guests. It is a very old Arab greeting.
Ahlulbayt (أهل البيت)
Ahlulbayt are the family of Prophet Muhammed (SAW). They hold a special place in the hearts of the Mu'mineen (devout believers). There is some disagreement upon who qualifies to be a member of his household - are the wives of the Prophet included or not? Nonetheless, the definite members of the household are:
(1) The Prophet Muhammed himself,
(2) Ali (Cousin of the Prophet, and husband to his daughter),
(3) Fatimah (Daughter of the Prophet, and wife of Ali),
(4) Hassan (Son of Ali and Fatimah),
(5) Hussain (Son of Ali and Fatimah).
May Allah's blessings be bestowed upon them.
Fool or idiot.
Many parties - political usually.
Eye or source.
Aisha is the name of one of Prophet Mohammed's (SAW) wives, and she is the daughter of one of the Prophet's companions - Abu Bakr.
The Prophet married her when she was young. Her age is not fully agreed upon but most people say she married at the age of 9.
This slang Arabic word means 'Yes'. It is commonly used in Egypt.
Ajmaeen means 'All of Them'.
When a good deed or action is done, a Muslim gets 'ajr' for doing it. Ajr (or ajur) is also known as thawab, and it is like a 'plus' point. 'Plus' points are compared to 'negative' (ithim) points when someone is judged by God after the person dies. If a person has more thawab than ithim then they will enter heaven.
Ajzaa is the plural of juzuu. It means 'parts' (usually of the Quran, which is split into 30).
See Introduction to the Quran for more details.
(1) Akbar can mean 'The greatest' and is often found in the phrase Allahu Akbar: God is the Greatest.
(2) Akbar can mean 'Greater than'; E.g. Sitah akbar min khamsa, Six is greater than five.
Brother. (Not necessarily by blood).
Means 'my brother'. The 'i' on the end changes the attributes of the word akh (brother) to be yours.
See Al Akhirah.
The word akhirah means end, or ending.
Akhu is a valid word.
Akhuk means 'Your brother'.
Akika (offering a sacrifice to win the favor of God)
"The", or "of the".
It is used before most words. In English it is normal to list things: sun, moon, dog and cat; but in Arabic it is written A-shams, Al-Qamar, Al-Kelb, Al-Qitah.
Al Akhirah (الآخره)
Al-Akhira refers to The Last day which is Judgment day. This day every person will be called to account for their actions during life before a judgment is passed to whether they enter heaven, hell or limbo.
Al Amin (الأمين)
Al Amin (or Al Ameen) was one of the nick-names given to the Prophet Muhammed (SAW). It means 'The trustworthy', and the Prophet was well known by the people for this trait, and he was implicitly trusted by all.
Al Fatiha (الفاتحه)
Al Fatiha - 'The Opening (Chapter)'. This is the name of first Surah (chapter) in the Quran.
Al Quds (القدس)
Al Quds is the Arabic name for the town of Jerusalem, Palestine. The word Quds is derived from a word meaning Holy.
This word means 'upon you', but it is usually found with a word preceding it, especially the word assalamu so it is 'assalamu alaikum' - peace be upon you.
Alan is an English name meaning 'Handsome one'.
Alastair is an English name meaning 'Defender of Men'.
Alayhi Salam (عليه السلام)
`Alayhi-salam means 'Upon Him/Her Be Peace'. It is a respectable phrase said after mentioning a Prophet, an Imam or other very high-status figures. It is often represented by the acronym (AS), or the English acronym of Peace Be Upon Him (PBUH).
Albert is an English name meaning 'Noble or Bright'.
Alex, short for Alexander, is an English name meaning 'Great Protector'.
Alexander is an English name meaning 'Great Protector'.
Alfred is an English name meaning 'Supernaturally Wise'.
Alhamdulillah (الحمد لله)
Praise be to Allah. This phrase is said in thanks to God.
(1) Ali ibn Abi Talib (AS) is one of the most famous sahabah (companions) of Prophet Muhammed (SAW). Ali is actually the Prophet's cousin and he became the husband of the Prophet's daughter, Fatimah (AS). Ali and Fatimah had four children and the most famous were Hassan and Hussain. Ali was blessed with the title Ameer Al Mumineen (Commander of the Faithful) by the Prophet. Ali became the fourth Khalif after the death of the Prophet and Ali is often titled Imam Ali and is loved by all Muslims. Ali is a very popular boy's name.
(2) Ali may also mean high in grandeur but the spelling of this word is usually altered like this 'aliy' or in other ways as the word aliy may be used as a description of God - Al Aliy ul Adheem - The Most High and Most Mighty. In Arabic the word Ali and Aliy are spelt the same.
Ali Ibn Abi Talib (علي ابن ابو طالب)
A learned person in Islam. A scholar.
Allah is the Arabic word for 'God'.
The word Allah was in usage since the days of pre-Islamic Arabia. Islam is a monotheistic and Abrahamic faith. This means that Muslims believe that there is only one God, and that this God is the same God that Christians and Jews (referred to in Islam as the People of the Book) worship. Muslims believe that Abraham, Moses and Jesus, and mostly all the other Prophets of the Old and New Testament, were all prophets of God. Arab Christians use the word Allah to refer to God.
Allahu Akbar (الله اكبر)
Allahu Akbar means 'God is the Greatest', meaning that nothing can supersede God or be better than Him. It is a common phrase in Islam and it features in the adhan and prayer. Muslims tend to use it for lots of reasons and to express many emotions.
Allahu Alem (الله اعلم)
Allahu A'lem means "God knows".
Sovereign (support of a person/government)
Charity, alms-giving, alms, charity; alms tax.
Excessive generosity, giving in abundance (preferring others to oneself).
A supplication (dua) meaning, "O Allah, respond to (or answer) what we have said". It is usually said out aloud in prayers.
Leader or commander. It is a common name for males.
Amir Al Mumineen (امير المؤمنين)
Means 'Commander of the Belivers' or 'Commander of the faithful'. This title was given to the Imam Ali (AS) specifically by the Prophet Muhammed (SAW), but was later attributed to anybody who became a khalif (not by the Prophet (SAW)), so there is amir al-mumineen Abu Bakr, amir al-mumineen Umar, Uthman, muawiyah, yazeed etc.
Amira is the feminine form of the name 'Amir'. Amira means leader or commander (feminine), and it is a popular girl's name.
Ana translates into either 'I am' or 'me' depending on the grammar of a sentence.
Ana Bi Khair (أنا بخير)
Ana bi khair means 'I am well'. It is a response to the question 'kayfa halek?' - how are you?
Deduction, syllogism (partial likeness between two things which are compared)
The word anasheed is plural. Anasheed are religious songs. The singular word is nasheed.
The word anbiya` is a plural word meaning 'Prophets'. The singular form is nabi (or nabey).
Andrew is an English name meaning 'Valiant'.
A descriptive word meaning slender, thin or stylish.
The feminine form of the word is aneeqah (انيقه)
A (feminine) descriptive word meaning slender, thin or stylish.
The masculine form of the word is aneeq (انيق)
The Arabic word for angel is malak.
Madam or Miss.
Literally means helpers or supporters. In Islamic history the people of Madinah who responded to the Prophet's call to Islam and offered Islam a city-state power are known as Ansar.
Anta means 'you' or 'you are'.
Anthony is an English name meaning 'Priceless'.
Anwar is the plural of 'nur' which means light. It is sometimes used as either a girl's (especially) or boy's name.
Heresy (renouncing former beliefs)
Backslider (person who renounces his former beliefs.)
Not real law
Misappropriation, usurpation, extortion (to attain something unlawfully,take and use as one's own)
A place just outside of Mecca, in Mina where the first Muslims from Yathrib Madinah pledged allegiance to the Prophet in the year 621 C.E.. A similar meeting took place the next year when more Muslims from Yathrib pledged their allegiance to the Prophet.
The belief system that is based upon a firm conviction in all the fundamentals of faith and of the Oneness of Allah, i.e. creed
It is derived from the verb aqada meaning to firmly bind and knot. Whatsoever settles in the heart in a firm and definitive manner is said to be that person's aqeedah.
In the technical sense it refers to the definitive faith and certain ruling that is not open to any doubt. It is called aqeedah because the person binds his heart upon it.
(1) Sane, not mentally incapacitated.
(2) Friendly, good and pleasant.
Aql means 'mind'. The phraze 'Ista'mil 'aqlek' translates into 'Use your mind'.
Arabic is the language of the Arabs. Many non-Arabs also speak the language and it comes in many dialects which can be so different an person from one country will have difficulty understanding the other. Arabic is called '`Arabee' in Arabic. It is a very popular language and the Quran is written in Arabic.
The area that surrounds Mount Rahmah, southeast of Mecca.
A plain north of Mecca. It is on this plain that humanity will be raised on the Day of Judgment for questioning and judgment. During the Hajj on the ninth day of the month of Zhu-l-Hijjah, Muslim pilgrims gather on this plain for one day.
Judgment, decree (settlement of a dispute by a person or persons acting as arbitrators)
Araham is a plural word meaning 'wombs'.
Arnold is an English name meaning 'Strong as an Eagle'.
Throne. The specific throne often mentioned is the throne of Allah. It is believed to be physical by the Muslims but is sometimes mentioned metaphorically in the Quran as a means of presenting the power and authority of God.
Arthur is an English name meaning 'Champion'.
As Sala (صلاة)
Asad means lion. It has also been used for a boy's name.
The tenth day of the Islamic month of Muharram. On this day the memorial of Moses' (AS) salvation from the hands of Pharaoh, and the slaying of the Grandson of the Prophet Muhammed (SAW), Hussain (AS) and his companions, and his children are remembered.
(1) Asiya (AS) is the name of Pharaoh's wife. She found Prophet Musa (AS) as a baby and convinced Pharaoah not to murder him. She then rejected her husband's claim of divinity and was a Muslim as she chose monotheism. Some Muslim girls are called Asiya.
(2) Asiya is what Arabs call the continent of Asia.
Asr means Evening; It is also the name of an obligatory Prayer (salat) that consists of four rak`ahs; it is performed in the same way as the Al-Dhuhur Prayer.
See Assalamu Alaikum.
Assalamu Alaikum (السلام عليكم)
Peace be unto you. It is a shortened form of the grand greeting: Assalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (Peace be unto you and so may the mercy of Allah and His blessings). The greeting is recommended to be only used between Muslims.
In reply to this a person may repeat the greeting and say: Assalamu Alaikum; However, it is more fitting to reply: Wa Alaikum Assalam.
Assalamu Alaikum Wa Rahmatullahi Wa Barakatuh (السلام عليكم و رحمة الله و بركاته)
"Peace be unto you and so may the mercy of Allah and His blessings". It is the full version of the Islamic greeting.
Astaghfirullah (استغفر الله)
An Arabic phrase meaning "I ask Allah forgiveness." A Muslim says this phrase many times, even when he is talking to another person. When a Muslim abstains from doing wrong, or even when he wants to prove that he is innocent of an incident he uses this expression.
The color black.
Atfal is a plural word meaning 'Children'. The singular form is tifl.
Punishment or torture.
Audhu is usually part of a phrase: Audhu Billahi Minashaitanir Rajeem. It means 'I seek refuge'.
Audhu Billahi Minashaitanir Rajeem (أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم)
'I seek refuge from the accursed Satan'. This phrase is often recited to ward away evil and before saying bismillahi rahman ar-Raheem before reading the Quran or other activities.
This word means 'first'.
Awliya' is the plural of wali. It means guides, leaders, saints, etc.
Parts of the body that are not supposed to be exposed to others, but this is not to be confused with the english meaning 'private parts', because a woman's legs, for example, is an awrah.
Aws is a popular boy's name. The word Aws is the name of a tribe that was prominent in the city of Madinah during the time of the Prophet Muhammed (SAW).
The Aws often fought with another tribe, the Khazraj, in Madinah, but when the Prophet (SAW) settled in Madinah he made peace between them and they lived peacefully and happily together. Single-handed he had stopped decades of war and loss of life and bound the tribes through Islam.
Proof, evidence, verse (from the Quran), lesson, sign, revelation, miracle etc.
Ayat is the plural of ayah which means a verse from the Quran but it can also mean proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, miracles, etc.
Ayatollah (آية الله)
A high-ranking cleric of the Shia Muslims is known as an Ayatollah. The word means 'sign of God'. Ayatollahs wear traditional clothes when preaching or teaching. They wear black or white turbans with the black turbans signifying they are descendants of Prophet Muhammed (SAW) through his Ahlulbayt (AS).
There is a difference between a normal Ayatollah and a grand Ayatollah. A grand Ayatollah is a marje' and gives direction to the Muslims who follow him (taqleed) in terms of religious law and fiqh. A normal Ayatollah has no right to guide people but can only choose to follow what he thinks is correct. Everybody else has to follow a marje', a grand Ayatollah.
Means 'Verse (of the) ...'. For example there is Ayatul Kursi which means Verse of the throne, in the Quran.
Ayatul Kursi (آية الكرسي)
In the Quran, Surah Baqara (Chapter of the Cow), Ayah (verse) 255 is very beautiful and special and is given this title: "verse of the throne".
Where or wherever.
Prophet Ayyoob (also written Ayoob or Ayub) is known as Job in the English bible.
Ayyoob was a Prophet who lived a sheltered and prosperous life so God decided to test him after Satan said that Ayyoob was only grateful to God due to material wealth. Ayyoob was tested by his Lord and he lost his livelihood, his house, wives, children and he also became very ill, but he remained constant in his devotion to God and worship saying - 'God has taken away what he gave me and I was only the caretaker of his property for a while. God gives to whom he wills and he takes away from whom he wills'. God was impressed with this patience and devotion and in time the Prophet had all his things return back to him but better and more, and he become healthier and happier than ever before. This story is an example for the believers that they should be ready to be tested and be patient even if they may lose their loved ones and possessions.
Aziz (pronounced azeez) is a popular boy's name. It means wise. One of the names of God is 'Al Aziz'.